Staff View
Seeing the Structure of Objects

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Seeing the Structure of Objects
Name (type = personal)
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Green
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Edwin James
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1988-
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Edwin James Green Jr.
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author
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Jr.
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McLaughlin
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Brian P.
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Brian P. McLaughlin
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Schellenberg
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Susanna
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Susanna Schellenberg
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Egan
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Frances
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Frances Egan
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Hill
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Christopher
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Christopher Hill
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Advisory Committee
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outside member
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Morrison
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John
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John Morrison
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Advisory Committee
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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theses
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2016
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2016-05
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2016
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xx
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation is about our visual perception of objects and their geometrical properties. I offer an account of visual shape perception, and then apply this account in developing a theory of how vision secures reference to objects. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the issues to be addressed. Chapters 2 and 3 concern our perception of shape. Specifically, chapter 2 argues that shape perception is layered: We perceive objects as having multiple shape properties, and these properties have varying degrees of abstraction. This picture contrasts sharply with certain views of shape representation in the philosophical and psychological literature, which I label metric views. Metric views claim, roughly, that vision only explicitly represents certain metric properties of objects, such as location, length, distance, and angle. Chapter 3 argues that visual shape perception is mereologically structured: Roughly, we perceive an object’s decomposition into parts, the intrinsic shapes of its parts, and the locations of the joints between parts. I argue that this forms the basis of a type of perceptual constancy—structure constancy. Moreover, I argue that this approach embodies a radical departure from views on which the visual experience of spatial properties is wholly viewer-centered. Chapters 4 and 5 concern object perception. Chapter 4 considers the problem of how a visual representation secures reference to an external object. I argue that the two leading approaches to this problem (which I call the pure causal view and the location-based view) face serious difficulties. I then argue that part-based visual shape representation plays a crucial role in the mechanism of visual reference-fixing. Chapter 5 addresses the question of what counts as an object for visual perception. More specifically, what types of things does vision pick out and track over time? On one recently popular view, visual processes of selection and tracking are specifically tuned to a class of entities called Spelke-objects. I argue that this view is problematic, primarily because it places excessively strong constraints on the geometry and topology of visual objects. I then defend a different account on which visual objects are (roughly) those things that satisfy traditional perceptual organization criteria.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Philosophy
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Perception
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Visual perception
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_7075
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 179 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Edwin James Green Jr.
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3377BWW
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Name
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Green
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Edwin
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James
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Permission or license
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2016-03-25 14:25:03
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Edwin Green
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Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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2016-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2018-05-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 31st, 2018.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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