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Composting of aged reed bed biosolids for beneficial reuse: a case study in New Jersey, USA

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Composting of aged reed bed biosolids for beneficial reuse: a case study in New Jersey, USA
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kannepalli
NamePart (type = given)
Sarat
Affiliation
Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ravit
NamePart (type = given)
Beth
Affiliation
Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = orcid); (authorityURI = http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/identifiers/orcid.html); (type = personal); (valueURI = http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9944-6405)
NamePart (type = family)
Strom
NamePart (type = given)
Peter F.
Affiliation
Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Environmental Sciences
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Reed beds with Phragmites australis (common reed) have been utilized to decrease the water, nutrient and volatile solids content of sewage sludge. An efficient disposal/reuse option was sought for reed bed biosolids accumulated over a 15 year period at a wastewater treatment facility in New Jersey, USA. The study facility had 14 reed beds, each with 1000 wet tons capacity, which were full, and so the solids needed to be removed. Because P. australis is considered an invasive species in New Jersey and several other states in the United States, disposal or reuse of solids containing this plant is regulated. Composting was examined as a potential treatment for destroying the plant’s reproductive rhizomes. The high temperatures achieved during composting were also tested to determine if regulatory criteria for pathogen reduction could be met, making the composted product suitable for unrestricted land application. Preliminary studies indicated the sludge had stabilized to the point where self-heating did not occur. Among the carbon amendments tested in the laboratory to stimulate compositing activity, Phragmites above ground biomass was determined to be most suitable. In a field test, Phragmites above ground biomass was mixed with reed bed biosolids at a 1:2 (w/w) ratio. The temperatures achieved resulted in complete mortality of Phragmites rhizomes. In laboratory tests, rhizomes placed in a drying oven at 50ºC for 24 hours, or 55ºC for 12 hours, showed 100% plant mortality. However, under field conditions pile temperatures could not be maintained long enough for the sludge to meet the USEPA 503 biosolids time-temperature pathogen rule requirements for unrestricted land application, even though sample fecal coliform counts did meet regulatory limits.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
24 p.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Reed beds
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Biosolids
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Phragmites australis
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Composting
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Land application of sludge
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
USEPA 503 rule
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016
AssociatedObject
Name
Compost Science & Utilization
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Detail
281-290
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
24(4)
Reference (type = url)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1065657X.2016.1171739
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Strom, Peter F.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30209900001
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Ravit, Beth
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30210400001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3M32XXR
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed.
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers.Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work.I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others.I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work.By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (point = start); (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016-05-09
DateTime (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf)
2017-05-09
AssociatedEntity
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the publisher's request. It will be publicly available after May 8, 2017.
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
CreatingApplication
Version
1.5
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2016-07-29T17:27:23
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2016-07-29T17:27:23
ApplicationName
Acrobat Distiller 10.1.16 (Windows)
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