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Modification of nektonic fish distribution by piers and pile fields in an urban estuary

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Modification of nektonic fish distribution by piers and pile fields in an urban estuary
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Grothues
NamePart (type = given)
Thomas M.
Affiliation
Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences (IMCS), Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rackovan
NamePart (type = given)
Jenna L.
Affiliation
University of New Hampshire
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Able
NamePart (type = given)
Kenneth W.
Affiliation
Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences (IMCS)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Marine and Coastal Sciences
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2016
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Large urban piers degrade habitat value for several estuarine benthic fish species by shading, but their effects on mobile nektonic species is less well understood due to sampling challenges. Dual Frequency Identification Sonar (DIDSON) allowed equal access to sampling in the water column of structured shaded and unshaded vs. open environments in both dark and light conditions by methods similar to video but without light. Sampling (n = 228, 5-minute transects) occurred under and around four large municipal piers of varying dimensions in the Hudson River estuary during day and night from summer and fall in 2007 - 2009. The distribution of small (5 - 25 cm in length) and large (25 – 850 cm) fishes were analyzed separately in recognition of functional guild differences. Small fishes occupied open water, shaded under-pier, and un-decked relict piling habitats, but were significantly more abundant during the day in open unshaded water than under adjacent piers or in piling habitats.. Small fish occurred under 3 of 4 piers of varying size and configuration at 10 - 20% of the median abundances of adjacent open water. However, while schools were rare under piers they could be very large, so that abundance greatly exceeded mean open water abundance variance so as to preclude confidence in differences among piers. The differences among habitats was not significant at night, and the difference among piers was also not significant at night. School membership for small fish appeared to mitigate adverse effects of shading and may influence scaling of their response to shading and could therefore influence pier design. Large (>25 cm) predatory fish were uncommon but responded similarly to habitat effects as did small fish. Habitats did not segregate fish by guild as small forage fish co-occurred in 65.8% of samples with large piscivores. Studies that provide species-specific and mechanistic interpretation of dynamic habitat use as well as further quantification of scaling effects could improve our understanding of how fishes respond to piers and other structures on urban shorelines.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
46 p.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Shoreline
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Structure
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Habitat
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Shading
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Fish
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
DIDSON
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016
AssociatedObject
Name
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Detail
47-56
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
485
Reference (type = url)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.08.004
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
Hudson River Foundation
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
Grothues, Thomas M. and K. W. Able
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
Grant No. 003/07A
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Grothues, Thomas M.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30201200001
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Able, Kenneth W.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30211400001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3V98B8Q
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed.
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004); (TYPE = [FS] statement #1)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers. Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work. I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others. I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work. By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = end)
2017-08-29
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the publisher's request. It will be publicly available after August 29, 2017.
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
CreatingApplication
ApplicationName
Microsoft Office Word
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2016-07-13T21:19:00
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2016-08-15T15:51:00
Version
14.0000
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