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Children's understanding of yesterday and tomorrow

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TitleInfo
Title
Children's understanding of yesterday and tomorrow
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zhang
NamePart (type = given)
Meng
NamePart (type = date)
1987-
DisplayForm
Meng Zhang
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author
Name (type = personal)
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Hudson
NamePart (type = given)
Judith A.
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Judith A. Hudson
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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theses
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DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2016
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2016-10
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2016
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Children’s understanding of temporal language is one indication of their understanding of time. This study used a picture-sentence matching paradigm to test children’s understanding of yesterday and tomorrow. Children viewed two pictures of an object with a visible change of state (e.g., a carved pumpkin and an intact pumpkin) while listening to a sentence indicating the time of the action (e.g., “I carved the pumpkin yesterday”). They were asked to select one picture that matched the sentences. In Experiment 1, 69 3- to 5-year-old children completed this task, which included 12 sentences referred to the past and 12 referred to the future. Results showed that children performed better with past sentences than they did with future, suggesting they understand the temporal relation between past and present better than that between future and present. In Experiment 2, 41 4- to 5-year-old children completed the same task but with sentences containing conflicting tense and temporal adverb (e.g., “I carved the pumpkin tomorrow”). Results showed that children tended to select pictures that were the outcome of actions, regardless of when the action occurs, indicating their bias toward outcomes in temporal judgment. In Experiment 3, 25 adults completed the same task in Experiment 2 via computer. Their temporal judgments were mainly based on temporal adverbs, providing a maturity reference for this inconsistent situation.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
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Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_7614
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note
Supplementary File: Appendix
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 40 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Time--Philosophy
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Meng Zhang
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T39W0HTT
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Zhang
GivenName
Meng
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2016-09-22 16:41:28
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Name
Meng Zhang
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2016-10-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2018-10-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 31st, 2018.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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