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The ceremonial music of ZHU Zaiyu

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Title
The ceremonial music of ZHU Zaiyu
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Woo
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Shingkwan
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1949-
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Shingkwan Woo
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author
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Floyd K
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Floyd K GRAVE
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Nancy Y
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Nancy Y RAO
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Advisory Committee
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co-chair
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Chrisman
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Richard
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Richard Chrisman
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Johnson
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Douglas
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Douglas Johnson
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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TSE
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Chun Yan
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Chun Yan TSE
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Advisory Committee
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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theses
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2017
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2017-01
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2017
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
The Chinese music theorist, composer, mathematician, and scholar ZHU Zaiyu朱載堉 (1536–1611) is well-known in music history as the creator of the mathematical theory of 12-tone equal tuning (equal temperament). The major part of his writings is collected in the Yuelü quanshu《樂律全書》 [Comprehensive treatise on music and music theory] , an encyclopaedic work comprising 14 separate titles, and written over a number of years from before 1581 to 1607. His music theory is mainly presented in Lülü jingyi《律呂精義》 [Precise principles of the musical pitches] (Preface dated 1596), which is the single most important treatise within the Yuelü quanshu, and this topic has been the focus of most studies on Zhu Zaiyu to date. The principal music scores of Zhu Zaiyu constitute another sub-opus within the Yuelü quanshu, whose titles are comprised in the Caoman guyue pu《操縵古樂譜》 [Ancient music with zither figurations] , Xuangong heyue pu《旋宮合樂譜》 [Concerted music / transposable through all 12 pitches] , Xiangyin Shiyue pu《鄉飲詩樂譜》 [Songs of the 《Shijing》 for performance at the Country Banquet] , and Xiaowu xiangyue pu《小舞鄉樂譜》 [Music of the country to accompany the minor dances] . (Due to time constraints, the 4 very interesting songs in Lingxing xiaowu pu《零星小舞譜》 [Choreography for the minor dances at the Lingxing Temple] are not included in the present study.) The musical compositions in these works were written over a period of years dating from not long after 1567. They have lain mutely under the shadow of Zhu Zaiyu’s extraordinary achievements in theory, and have never been fully studied. These musical compositions are the subject of the present dissertation. The research aims to understand the music, to transcribe the scores, and thus help to bring them back to sounding life. The core of the work comprises the music transcriptions of Ch. 7. These aim to come as close to Zhu Zaiyu’s Urtext as a transcription can, and for those scores furnished with instrumentation, they should be sufficiently explicit in all details to be directly performable in a manner as Zhu Zaiyu intended. Ch. 1–6 present supporting studies which help to understand the music in its historical and theoretical contexts, but extensive analysis is not attempted. For orientation, Ch. 1 provides a review of Zhu Zaiyu’s life and musical works. It appends a translation and study of a rather neglected primary document which played a crucial part in Zhu Zaiyu’s life, his 〈Rangguo zhenglun shu讓國正倫疏 [Petition to relinquish the principality and rectify family relationships]〉, most likely written in 1593. Ch. 2 describes the ceremonials of the classic text Yili《儀禮》 [Protocol and ceremonial] for which Zhu Zaiyu composed much of his music. Ch. 3 surveys Zhu Zaiyu’s music notation, and includes a special study of his zither figurations called caoman操縵 . Ch. 4 appraises Zhu Zaiyu’s music tuning, with the immediate purpose of determining the sounding pitch of his huangzhong黄鍾 , and it naturally impinges on facets of his music theory. Ch. 5 and Ch. 6 furnish information and particulars about the instrumentation and orchestration of the compositions transcribed in Ch. 7. An incidental finding uncovered by these investigations is the re-discovery of a fragment of a treatise or essay by Zhu Zaiyu which has long been lost (at least since 1825). It is the Xiantiantu zhengwu《先天圖正誤》 [Correcting errors in the a priori diagram of the 《Yijing》] . I mention this re-discovery in Ch. 1, but time constraints do not permit a fuller discussion. This must await a later study. In more ways than one, the present dissertation is better regarded as a work in progress, than as a finished piece of research.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Music
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Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_7879
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xvii, 667 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject
Name (authority = LC-NAF)
NamePart (type = personal)
Zhu, Zaiyu, 1536-1611
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Woo Shingkwan 胡成筠
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3WH2SFF
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Name
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WOO
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Shingkwan
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2017-01-20 07:39:37
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Shingkwan WOO
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Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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