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The persistence of populations facing climate shifts and harvest

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
The persistence of populations facing climate shifts and harvest
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fuller
NamePart (type = given)
Emma
Affiliation
Princeton University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Brush
NamePart (type = given)
Eleanor
Affiliation
Princeton University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Pinsky
NamePart (type = given)
Malin L.
Affiliation
Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Version of Record (VoR)
Note
Received 22 December 2014; revised 25 February 2015; accepted 4 March 2015; final version received 8 May 2015; published 23 September 2015.
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes)
2015
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Many species are expected to shift their geographic distribution as climates change, and yet climate change is only one of a suite of stressors that species face. Species that might, in theory, be able to shift rapidly enough to keep up with climate velocity (the rate and direction that isotherms move across the landscape) may not in actuality be able to do so when facing the cumulative impacts of multiple stressors. Despite empirical reports of substantial interactions between climate change and other stressors, we often lack a mechanistic understanding of these interactions. Here, we developed and analyzed a spatial population dynamics model to explore the cumulative impacts of climate with another dominant stressor in the ocean and on land: harvest. We found that critical rates of climate velocity and harvest depend on the growth rate and dispersal kernel of the population, as well as the magnitude of the other stressor. This allowed us to identify conditions under which harvesting and climate velocity can together drive populations extinct even when neither stressor would do so in isolation. Except in these extreme cases, we also found that the interaction between the declines in biomass caused by climate velocity and harvest is approximately additive. Finally, we have shown that threshold harvest rules can be effective management tools to mitigate the interaction between the two stressors, while protected areas can either help or hinder,depending on how harvesters reallocate their effort. We also have parameterized the model for black rockfish (Sebastes melanops) to demonstrate the model’s broad applicability.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
16 p.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Climate change
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Climate velocity
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Cumulative impacts
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Fishing
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Integrodifference model
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Multiple disturbances
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Sebastes melanops
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Synergy
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2015
AssociatedObject
Name
Ecosphere
Type
Journal
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Has part
Detail
1-16
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
6(9)
Reference (type = url)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00533.1
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Grant award
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Funder
Name
National Science Foundation
AssociatedEntity
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Originator
Name
E. Fuller
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Name
GRFP
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Name
National Science Foundation
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Originator
Name
E. Fuller
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Type
Grant number
Name
GEO-1211972
Extension
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Grant award
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Funder
Name
GreenMar
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Name
E. Fuller, M. Pinsky
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Type
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Name
Consortium Agrrement GreenMar-AGMT dtd 05-05-2014
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E. Fuller, M. Pinsky
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Prime Nordforsk Project Number: 61582
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Grant award
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Name
National Institutes of Health
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Originator
Name
E. Brush
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NIH 5T32HG003284
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Grant award
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Name
New Jersey Sea Grant
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Originator
Name
M. Pinsky
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R/6410-0011
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Grant award
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National Science Foundation
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M. Pinsky
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OCE-1426891
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National Science Foundation
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M. Pinsky
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OCE-1430218
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Title
Pinsky, Malin L.
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rucore30149900001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3TX3J5V
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RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = Creative Commons)
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. http://creativecommons.Org/licenses/by/3.0/
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Open
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Detail
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