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Assessment of Plant Community Characteristics in Natural and Human-Altered Coastal Marsh Ecosystems

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Assessment of Plant Community Characteristics in Natural and Human-Altered Coastal Marsh Ecosystems
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Meixler
NamePart (type = given)
Marcia S.
Affiliation
Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kennish
NamePart (type = given)
Michael J.
Affiliation
Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Crowley
NamePart (type = given)
Katherine F.
Affiliation
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Marine and Coastal Sciences
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes)
2018
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Salt marsh ecosystems provide many critical ecological functions, yet they are subject to considerable disturbance ranging from direct human alteration to increased inundation due to climate change. We assessed emergent salt marsh plant characteristics in the Tuckerton Peninsula, a large expanse (~2,000 ha) of highly inundated habitat along the southern New Jersey coast, USA. Key salt marsh plant parameters were monitored in the heavily grid-ditched northern segment, Open Marsh Water Management (OMWM) altered central segment, and the shoreline altered southern segment of the peninsula in the summer months of 2011 and 2013. Plant species composition and three metrics of abundance and structure (maximum canopy height, percent areal cover, and shoot density) were examined among marsh segments, along transects within segments, seasonally by month, and between years. Despite seasonal or annual variability, the northern segment of the marsh differed in plant species composition from the central and southern segments. This difference was partly due to greater percent areal cover in the northern segment of such upper marsh species as Spartina patens and Distichlis spicata. S. patens also exhibited higher shoot densities in the northern segment than the central segment. Despite the higher abundance of upper marsh species, marsh surface elevations were lower in the northern segment than in the central or southern segments, suggesting the influence of altered hydrology due to human activities. Understanding current variation in the emergent salt marsh vegetation along the peninsula will help inform future habitat change in other coastal wetlands of New Jersey and the mid-Atlantic region subject to natural and anthropogenic drivers.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
38 p.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Salt marsh habitat
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Marsh plant communities
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Species composition
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Climate change effects
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
AssociatedObject
Name
Estuaries and Coasts
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Reference (type = url)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12237-017-0296-0
Detail
52-64
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
41(1)
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2018
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Tuckerton Peninsula (N.J.)
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Meixler, Marcia S.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30178300001
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Kennish, Michael J.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30195600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3FJ2KMH
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Accepted Manuscript
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004); (TYPE = [FS] statement #1)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers. Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work. I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others. I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work. By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = end)
2018-08-02
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the publisher's request. It will be publicly available after August 2, 2018.
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
CreatingApplication
ApplicationName
Microsoft Office Word
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017-05-26T18:41:00
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017-07-18T17:22:00
Version
12.0000
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