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Modeling and validation of full scale crash testing for open-faced aesthetic concrete barrier

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TitleInfo
Title
Modeling and validation of full scale crash testing for open-faced aesthetic concrete barrier
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wassef
NamePart (type = given)
Andrew Wagdy
NamePart (type = date)
1992-
DisplayForm
Andrew Wagdy Wassef
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Nassif
NamePart (type = given)
Hani
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Hani Nassif
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Najm
NamePart (type = given)
Husam
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Husam Najm
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
WANG
NamePart (type = given)
HAO
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HAO WANG
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2017
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2017-05
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2017
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
As bridges built in the 1930’s and 1940’s begin to reach the end of their design and service lives, the concrete and embedded steel reinforcement of balustrades show noticeable signs of deterioration, which affects their performance. Many of these old bridges are historic and the aesthetics must be preserved to keep it as a historic landmark. The Historic Preservation Office (HPO) mandated that a new balustrade for use on historic bridges must retain the appearance of the original one while also satisfying the requirements of the crash test level AASHTO MASH TL-4, which was adopted by the FHWA on January 1, 2011. This study addresses the issue that the state of New Jersey does not currently have any open-faced balustrade standard specifications. A new design was developed, for which the aesthetics have been approved by the HPO, and a detailed finite element model was developed using LS-DYNA software for crash test simulation. The capacity of the barrier was checked using the design procedures outlined in section 13 of the AASHTO Bridge Design Specifications. A parametric study of the balustrade was performed using the finite element model, adjusting parameters such as height, post width, and window opening width. Occupant risk factors such as ridedown accelerations, and occupant impact velocities were evaluated using these models. Based on the results of the simulations, a final design was selected and chosen for full scale crash testing. A single unit truck, pickup truck, and small passenger car were crash tested at TTI and successfully met all the AASHTO MASH TL-4 requirements. All risk factors were well below the maximum permissible values for the car and pickup truck, and the single unit truck was successfully contained. After these successful crash tests, the model was calibrated to more accurately duplicate the impact response of the vehicle and barrier. The models were also validated using traditional methods, as well as the statistical comparison program, Roadside Safety Verification and Validation Program (RSVVP), which was developed under NCHRP Project 22-24.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Concrete construction
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Precast concrete--Testing
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_8036
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xi, 116 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Andrew Wagdy Wassef
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T30R9SB3
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Wassef
GivenName
Andrew
MiddleName
Wagdy
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-04-14 11:21:42
AssociatedEntity
Name
Andrew Wassef
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2019-05-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 31st, 2019.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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2017-04-26T11:57:00
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2017-04-26T11:57:00
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