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Pathologic adaptation

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TitleInfo
Title
Pathologic adaptation
SubTitle
examining an ecological pathway model of callous-unemotional traits
Name (type = personal)
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Docherty
NamePart (type = given)
Meagan
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1988-
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Meagan Docherty
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author
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LoBue
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Vanessa
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Vanessa LoBue
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Boxer
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Paul
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Paul Boxer
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Siegel
NamePart (type = given)
Harold
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Harold Siegel
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Apel
NamePart (type = given)
Robert
DisplayForm
Robert Apel
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2017
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2017-05
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2017
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Although previous research indicates a robust association between adverse experiences early in life and later externalizing behaviors such as aggression, violence, and delinquency (Anda et al., 2006; Moylan et al., 2010), less is known about the early childhood environmental antecedents of later callous-unemotional traits. In fact, some studies have indicated that callous-unemotional traits are inherited and relatively impervious to environmental influences (Viding, Blair, Moffitt, & Plomin, 2005; Viding, Jones, Frick, Moffitt, & Plomin, 2008). However, a few studies have found conflicting results, in which some youth who exhibit callous-unemotional traits report more experiences with adversity, such as abuse and violence exposure, although these studies are often cross-sectional in nature and typically rely on retrospective self-report (Kimonis, Fanti, Isoma, & Donoghue, 2013; Kimonis, Frick, Munoz, & Aucoin, 2008). The proposed dissertation research examines the impact of environmental influences – including both risk and promotive factors – on the development of callous-unemotional traits. The research opens with three preliminary studies, two cross-sectional and one longitudinal, and concludes with a project that involves analyzing three large secondary longitudinal datasets. Data for the dissertation research come from: the serious youth violence and long term use of violent media project, funded by the CDC; the Longitudinal Studies on Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN), funded by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect; the National Institute of Child Health and Development’s (NICHD) Study on Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD; The NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005); the Video Game Violence (VGV; Bushman, Huesmann, Boxer, Anderson, & Gentile, 2005) project also funded by NICHD; and the Pathways to Desistance (PTD; Mulvey, 2004; Mulvey, 2011) project initiated by the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. I first use the cross-sectional data in the serious youth violence project to establish that youth with callous-unemotional traits and anxiety retrospectively report greater levels of exposure to aggression and violence, and concurrently report greater symptoms of psychopathology and aggressive and violent behavior. I also provide evidence for construct validity of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits and how best to integrate information from multiple informants. Then, using the LONGSCAN data, I show that adolescents with conduct disorder who lack guilt, a core component of callous-unemotional traits, are more likely to have substantiated reports of maltreatment in childhood. For the final set of studies in this project, I incorporate analyses that take advantage of the longitudinal nature of these data to examine the antecedents to callous-unemotional traits. Specifically, I examine risk factors such as parental hostility and exposure to violence, as well as promotive factors such as neighborhood safety, friendship quality, and positive parenting characteristics. I hypothesize that youth exposed to key ecological risk factors will have greater tendencies to develop callous-unemotional traits, whereas youth exposed to theorized ecological promotive factors will be less likely to develop callous-unemotional traits. Finally, analyses will include person-level variables as potential moderators of these relationships, as it is possible that only youth with a fearful or inhibited temperament or who are high in emotional reactivity will be susceptible to these risk and promotive factors.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_8102
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
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application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xvi, 177 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Emotions
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Meagan Docherty
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T37084CW
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Docherty
GivenName
Meagan
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-04-18 11:24:51
AssociatedEntity
Name
Meagan Docherty
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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2017-05-10T02:35:48
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