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Generic and indefinite null objects

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Generic and indefinite null objects
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Dvořáková
NamePart (type = given)
Věra
NamePart (type = date)
1981-
DisplayForm
Věra Dvořáková
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
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NamePart (type = family)
Baker
NamePart (type = given)
Mark
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Mark Baker
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Safir
NamePart (type = given)
Ken
DisplayForm
Ken Safir
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Schwarzschild
NamePart (type = given)
Roger
DisplayForm
Roger Schwarzschild
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Šimík
NamePart (type = given)
Radek
DisplayForm
Radek Šimík
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2017
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2017-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
My thesis is concerned with the syntax and related syntactico-semantic properties of two types of non-overt internal arguments: generic null objects (GNO), as in His movies always shock___ , and indefinite null objects (INO), as in He reads___ / He is reading___ . Traditionally, these objects have been understood as standing at the opposite ends of a scale when it comes to their syntactic robustness. GNO were analyzed as null pronouns with an arbitrary reference that consist of a D-feature and/or a set of phi-features (Rizzi 1986, Authier 1992, Landau 2010). INO are typically analyzed as the result of lexical rules that existentially quantify over the internal argument for given predicates (Dowty 1978, Bresnan 1978, and then many others). Utilizing data from Czech, a language with rich inflectional and derivational morphology, I show that the distinction between the two types of null objects is much more subtle. GNO consist of a single syntactic node, little n, bearing just the gender feature, but no number or person features. Rather than fully-fledged pronominal DPs, GNO should be conceived as conceptually impoverished nouns (i.e. nouns that do not contain any root), where their interpretable gender feature brings about their personal, [+human]-like meaning. Semantically, these n-heads introduce a variable that gets bound by a generic operator, along the lines of Krifka et al. (1995). INO, albeit syntactically unrepresentedon their own, are derived by the generalized type-shifting iota-closure defined on a syntactic node little v (understood as a verbalizer in the sense of Marantz 2007, 2013). I show that this syntactic approach to intransitivization is the only possible option if we want to account for INO’s high productivity, their occurrence with the so-called secondary imperfectives in Slavic, and the fact that they appear only in the contexts that supply the kind/property of the existentially quantified argument (I encode INO’s contextual licensing as a presupposition for the application of the intransitivizing operation). In the final part of the dissertation, I elaborate the proposal to account for the observed incompatibility of INO with perfective, telic event denoting verbs, and these verb’s contrasting compatibility with GNO. I explain it as a result of INO’s inability to satisfy the unvalued EPP-like quantificational feature Q_Pf constituting the perfective aspectual head. The existence of Q_Pf is independently motivated by the quantificational requirements of perfective verbs in Czech, expressed in terms of a syntactic argument type or a quantificational prefix that they have to merge with (cf. Borer 2005). GNO, on the other hand, can overtly move to Spec,Asp, in accordance with their analysis as restrictors of the generic quantifier presented in the first part of the thesis.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Linguistics
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_8371
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xv, 299 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Věra Dvořáková
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3251N9Q
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Dvořáková
GivenName
Věra
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-09-20 15:04:31
AssociatedEntity
Name
Věra Dvořáková
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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DateCreated (point = start); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017-09-22T01:02:40
DateCreated (point = start); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017-09-22T01:02:40
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