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Capturing and analyzing human driving behavior to improve road travel experience

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TitleInfo
Title
Capturing and analyzing human driving behavior to improve road travel experience
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Liu
NamePart (type = given)
Ruilin
NamePart (type = date)
1987-
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Ruilin Liu
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author
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Badri
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Badri Nath
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Ganapathy
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Vinod
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Vinod Ganapathy
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zhang
NamePart (type = given)
Desheng
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Desheng Zhang
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Shankar
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Pravin
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Pravin Shankar
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2017
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2017-10
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2017
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
People commute on daily basis and spend a considerable amount of time on road travels. Unfortunately, due to the dense population and concentration of economic activities in metropolitan areas, urban transportation suffers a lot of challenges, e.g. traffic congestion and parking space storage, which also affect each individual's travel experience. Previous studies have looked into the transportation condition sensing solution using various static or mobile sensors and traffic related recommendation services based on the sensing results, e.g. vehicle routing and parking recommendation. However, human behaviors as the most direct reflection as well as the final modifier of the traffic condition, have not been fully explored to close the sensing-and-control loop in the urban transportation system. This dissertation aims at improving drivers' road travel experience by taking human driver's behavior in vehicle routing and parking search processes into consideration. In the first part of the dissertation, we focus on the traffic condition sensing and routing service design, altering the isolated traffic sensing and the greedy routing strategy based on sensed traffic condition. Instead, we present a participatory system, called Themis, to consider traffic sensing and route planning as a whole: (i) By analyzing time-stamped position reports and route decisions collected from the Themis mobile app, the Themis server estimates both the current traffic rhythm and the future traffic distribution. (ii) The routing requests are then combined with the sensed traffic condition to provide route recommendations that minimize the travel cost of all drivers to proactively alleviate traffic congestions. Themis has been implemented and its performance has been evaluated in both simulation experiments using real data from over 26,000 taxis and a field study. Results from both experiments demonstrate that Themis reduces traffic congestion and average travel time at various traffic densities and system penetration rates. In the second part of the dissertation, we look into the crucial part of parking recommendation, i.e., fine-grained parking availability crowdsourcing and propose a solution based on human's parking and ignoring decisions: a parking decision immediately take an available spot while an ignored spot along a driver's parking search trajectory is likely to be already taken. However, complications caused by drivers' preferences, e.g. ignoring the spots too far from the driver's destination, have to be addressed based on human parking decisions. We build a model based on a dataset of more than 55,000 real parking decisions to predict the probability that a driver would take a spot, assuming the spot is available.Then, we present a crowdsourcing system, called ParkScan, which leverages the learned parking decision model in collaboration with the hidden Markov model to estimate background parking spot availability. ParkScan has been evaluated using real-world data from both off-street scenarios (i.e., two public parking lots) and an on-street parking scenario (i.e., 35 urban blocks in Seattle). Both of the experiments show that ParkScan reduces the error of spot-level parking availability estimation compared to the state-of-art solutions. In particular, ParkScan cuts down over 15% of the estimation errors for the spots along parking search trajectory even if there is a single participant driver.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Computer Science
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_8480
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xiii, 115 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Traffic flow
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Automobile drivers--Behavior
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Ruilin Liu
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3BV7KRC
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Liu
GivenName
Ruilin
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-10-02 05:04:54
AssociatedEntity
Name
Ruilin Liu
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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2017-10-03T08:09:07
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