Staff View
Analyzing invasive species impacts

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Analyzing invasive species impacts
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Crystal-Ornelas
NamePart (type = given)
Robert
NamePart (type = date)
1985-
DisplayForm
Robert Crystal-Ornelas
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lockwood
NamePart (type = given)
Dr. Julie
DisplayForm
Dr. Julie Lockwood
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Meixler
NamePart (type = given)
Dr. Marci
DisplayForm
Dr. Marci Meixler
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wiedenmann
NamePart (type = given)
Dr. John
DisplayForm
Dr. John Wiedenmann
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Simberloff
NamePart (type = given)
Dr. Dan
DisplayForm
Dr. Dan Simberloff
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2019
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2019-05
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract (type = abstract)
Due to invasive species’ substantial influence on human health, the economy, and the natural environment, invasion ecologists have committed substantial effort to study the variety of impacts caused by invasive species. Impact research has consistently increased since the late 1990s when ecologists published theoretical work on early metrics for calculating impacts. Despite the clear societal benefit of studying and understanding impacts, funding to study impacts are limited. Biases in the taxa, ecosystems, and spatial scales that are studied may undermine our ability to predict invasive species effects. However, there are no syntheses that quantify how these biases influence impact research.
In my dissertation, I investigate patterns in how researchers collect and then publish data about invasive species impacts. In my first chapter, I used a metric for quantifying invasive species impacts to predict the potential distributional range for a recently introduced bird in North America. My analyses suggest that the Pin-tailed Whydah has a substantial amount of available habitat to spread within California and the Antilles. In my second chapter, I conducted a systematic review to identify the impacts, taxa, ecosystems, and spatiotemporal scales that receive a substantial proportion of impact research. These results suggest that research efforts often focus on a few well-known invasives in forests or on islands while most species have only a single documented impact. In my third chapter, I conducted a cumulative meta-analysis to identify patterns in published evidence accrual for invasive species impacts on richness. In general, the earliest published research on impacts suggests the largest average richness impacts, and repeated studies on the same taxa or in the same ecosystems generally suggest negative, but more moderate average impacts. Taken together, this dissertation highlights the value of producing primary research on invasive species impacts. It also uses syntheses to identify critical research gaps or areas where sufficient evidence has accrued to answer questions about invasive species’ impacts on diversity.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Invasion ecology
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Ecology and Evolution
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Introduced organisms -- Research
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Introduced organisms -- Publishing
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_9634
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 124 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-9qca-x929
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Crystal-Ornelas
GivenName
Robert
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-03-29 19:18:10
AssociatedEntity
Name
Robert Crystal-Ornelas
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2019-11-30
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after November 30th, 2019.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
CreatingApplication
Version
1.4
ApplicationName
macOS Version 10.14.4 (Build 18E226) Quartz PDFContext
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-03-29T23:15:20
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-03-29T23:15:20
Back to the top
Version 8.3.13
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2021