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Examining correlates of past year major depressive episode among black men and black women in the United States

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TitleInfo
Title
Examining correlates of past year major depressive episode among black men and black women in the United States
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Puryear
NamePart (type = given)
Michaela Cherelle
NamePart (type = date)
1991-
DisplayForm
Michaela Puryear
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cavanaugh
NamePart (type = given)
Courtenay
DisplayForm
Courtenay Cavanaugh
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Camden Graduate School
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2019-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract
Background: Depression is a major public health problem. Even though Black people are the second largest racial group in the United States, little data exists examining correlates of depression among Black adults. In addition, while attention to gender disparities in science has led to calls for gender-specific data analyses, only a handful of studies on depression have reported gender-specific findings for Black adults Methods: This study examined gender-specific risk and protective correlates of past year major depressive episodes (PY-MDE). Participants were Black men (N=1,681) and Black women (N=2,437) who participated in wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. The risk correlates studied included ten adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), past year intimate partner violence, and past year racial and gender discrimination. The protective correlates studied were religiosity and ethnic identity. Results: Intimate partner violence was the only correlate of PY-MDE for both Black men and women. The association between intimate partner violence and PY-MDE was larger for Black men (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) =3.03) than Black women (AOR=1.70). Childhood psychological and sexual abuse were associated with PY-MDE for Black women, but not men. Among Black women, the association between gender discrimination and PY-MDE was significant (AOR=2.21). Neither religiosity or ethnic identity were protective for Black men and women. Discussion: Findings suggest the need for gender-specific interventions for depression among Black adults that address racial and gender discrimination, IPV, and that include culturally adapted CBT and trauma informed therapy.
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Depression, Mental -- Social aspects
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
African American men -- Mental health
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
African American women -- Mental health
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_10015
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (iii, 34 pages)
Note (type = degree)
M.A.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Camden Graduate School Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10005600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-wdqr-0781
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Puryear
GivenName
Michaela
MiddleName
Cherelle
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-05-08 20:45:31
AssociatedEntity
Name
Michaela Cherelle Puryear
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Camden Graduate School
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
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windows xp
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-06-13T21:30:12
CreatingApplication
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1.7
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