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Multi-dimensional model of school refusal: family and psychosocial correlates of problematic absenteeism

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TitleInfo
Title
Multi-dimensional model of school refusal: family and psychosocial correlates of problematic absenteeism
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Mele
NamePart (type = given)
Christina
NamePart (type = date)
1990-
DisplayForm
Christina Mele
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Chu
NamePart (type = given)
Brian C.
DisplayForm
Brian C. Chu
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Colognori
NamePart (type = given)
Daniela
DisplayForm
Daniela Colognori
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
co-chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
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Text
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theses
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DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2019-08
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2019
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract
Youth school refusal (SR) is a pattern of difficulty attending school due to elevated levels of anxiety and is associated with a range of negative psychosocial correlates (e.g., negative cognitions and emotions; Berg, 1997). However, findings about which correlates are reliable predictors of SR remain heterogeneous and extant research has focused on samples of youth with clinical impairment, which poses a challenge in identifying dimensional aspects (e.g., sub clinical) or early signs of SR (e.g., Egger, Costello, & Angold, 2003; Lyon & Cotler, 2007). The present study examined the associations between SR and several psychosocial correlates (child, parent, family resources) across three groups of SR (i.e., clinical SR, subthreshold SR, and no SR (NSR)) in a clinical sample of 225 youth (ages 6-17 years) diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression. ANCOVAs, using Bonferroni-corrected pairwise comparisons, and chi-square tests of independence were used to examine the associations between three study groups and correlates, including youth reports of negative cognitions and affect and physiological arousal, youth, mother, and father reports of symptom severity and parent-intrusive behaviors, and mother and father reports of youth externalizing behavior difficulties, competencies, and socio-demographic factors. There were significant differences between SR conditions on various psychosocial correlates. Youth reports showed that SR youth had more severe panic symptoms than NSR youth and SR youth had less hostile thoughts compared to subthreshold youth. Across parent reports, results showed that SR youth had higher severity of internalizing symptoms (e.g., depression, separation anxiety) and lower social functioning compared to NSR youth. Parent reports also indicated that SR youth had more externalizing behavior difficulties than subthreshold youth groups, and that SR youth have greater panic symptom severity than both groups. These results suggest trends in the differences between groups distinguished by internalizing (e.g., anxiety and mood symptoms) and externalizing behaviors and overt symptomology (e.g., rule-breaking behavior, panic disorder symptoms). There were also significant differences between groups on current youth educational supports, with more SR youth using services compared to other groups. The study's findings provide preliminary support for examining SR as a dimensional construct and help to elucidate some key psychosocial correlates of SR.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Anxiety-based school refusal
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Clinical Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
School phobia
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Anxiety
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_9545
PhysicalDescription
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vii, 55 pages)
Note (type = degree)
Psy.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001800001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-betq-bx36
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Mele
GivenName
Christina
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-01-27 16:05:46
AssociatedEntity
Name
Christina Mele
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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windows xp
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2019-01-27T21:03:35
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-01-27T21:03:35
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