Staff View
Tensions between populism and feminist politics: reproduction of a masculine party culture in Podemos

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Tensions between populism and feminist politics: reproduction of a masculine party culture in Podemos
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Caravantes-Gonzalez
NamePart (type = given)
Paloma
NamePart (type = date)
1986-
DisplayForm
Paloma Caravantes-Gonzalez
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Decena
NamePart (type = given)
Carlos
DisplayForm
Carlos Decena
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hawkesworth
NamePart (type = given)
Mary
DisplayForm
Mary Hawkesworth
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gerson
NamePart (type = given)
Judith
DisplayForm
Judith Gerson
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lombardo
NamePart (type = given)
Emanuela
DisplayForm
Emanuela Lombardo
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2019-10
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract (type = abstract)
Embracing left populism in response to the legitimation crisis of the ruling political class, the Spanish party Podemos (“we can”) commits to a gender-informed interpretation of democratic renewal based on the “feminization” and “depatriarchalization” of politics. In addition to promoting women’s role in politics and policy-making oriented towards gender equality, Podemos leaders define this political regeneration as the implementation of alternative practices to “masculinized” and “patriarchal” politics, including collaborative and decentralized leaderships, consensus decision-making, horizontal and bottom-up participatory structures, and dialogue with a plurality of actors. The party commits to materialize this feminist ideal in its own organization while representing the ‘common people’ in Spanish political institutions.
I use discourse analysis of mainstream and social media, participant observation and semi-structured interviews with party grassroots members to examine the interplay of the populist and feminist discourses that coexist in Podemos, and their impact on its internal organization. The party expanded the symbolic imaginary of Spanish politics with alternative gender performances in the parliament and a feminist conceptualization of political transformation. However, my analysis of the party’s political practices reveals a dominant masculine political culture that pervades the organization. A hierarchical relation characterized by gender, age, and cultural gaps between leaders and grassroots members prevails over horizontal structures. Further, adversarial and factional dynamics predominate, determined by charismatic and masculine styles of leadership, while electoral efficiency and institutional politics are privileged to the detriment of grassroots participation.
My research illuminates specific problems that a populist ideological framework poses to gender equality, which produce inconsistencies between Podemos’ feminist discourses and its daily culture. These include tacit bias in the abstract and homogenizing conceptualization of “the people,” centrality of an exclusionary notion of “homeland,” the fundamental role of charismatic leadership and a dominant masculine imagery, and antagonistic rhetoric and confrontational interaction styles. These practices reflect the gendered implications of a populist ideological framework for the operations and organizing dynamics of political parties, including the reproduction of a political culture that excludes women and marginalized groups through formal and informal mechanisms based on paradigms of efficiency and electoral competition.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Women's and Gender Studies
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Gender
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Women -- Political activity -- Spain
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Identity politics -- Spain
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_10347
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 214 pages)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-h2th-zq37
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Caravantes-Gonzalez
GivenName
Paloma
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = start); (qualifier = exact)
2019-09-30 11:01:47
AssociatedEntity
Name
Paloma Caravantes-Gonzalez
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = start); (qualifier = exact)
2021-09-28
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = end); (qualifier = exact)
2022-10-31
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 31st, 2022.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
CreatingApplication
Version
1.7
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-10-02T15:54:56
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-10-02T15:54:56
Back to the top
Version 8.3.13
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2021