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Essays on the economics of the environment in Korea

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TitleInfo
Title
Essays on the economics of the environment in Korea
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lee
NamePart (type = given)
Won Hyung
NamePart (type = date)
1983-
DisplayForm
Won Hyung Lee
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author
Name (type = personal)
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hilary
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hilary sigman
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
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chair
Name (type = corporate)
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Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
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School of Graduate Studies
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2019
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2019-10
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2019
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation aims to improve the understanding of environmental policy mechanisms and provide estimates of the costs of toxic pollution (in the air and water) and ambient particulate matter air pollution in Korea. The results will be useful for future evaluations and formulations of Korean environmental policies and regulations.
In Chapter 2, businesses' incentives to participate in voluntary environmental programs are explored through the 30/50 program conducted from 2004 to 2013 in Korea. The industrial facilities that joined the 30/50 program promised to reduce their toxic emissions by 30% within 3 years and 50% within 5 years. Unlike mandatory regulations, the voluntary 30/50 program did not include sanctions for noncompliance. However, most of participating facilities achieved the emission reduction goals (although any implication regarding the causal impact of the program cannot be made without formal study), and the linear probability model estimation results indicate that public recognition and strong regulatory background threats (or the prospect of relaxed regulatory oversight) are important predictors of businesses' participation in the program. A notable finding is that facilities owned by chaebols, i.e., family-owned conglomerates, showed a considerably higher probability of participation. Chaebols with great economic and political power in Korea might have wished to participate in order to take advantage of any opportunities to influence future environmental regulations and relax the greater regulatory pressures usually placed upon them. Chaebols' higher participation rates reveal the importance of studying VEPs within a country's specific political, economic, and social structures.
In Chapters 3 and 4, estimates of the costs of toxic air and water pollution as well as ambient particulate matter air pollution are provided. Chapter 3 estimates the effects of pregnant mothers' exposures to toxic emissions on newborns' health. Using 2004-2007 birth data merged with data on toxic emissions in the mothers' counties of residence, linear probability models for the probabilities of babies being born with low birth weight (<2.5kg) and very low birth weight (<1.5kg) are estimated. The estimation results indicate that toxic and carcinogenic water emissions increase the probability of low birth weight and toxic water emissions increase the probability of low birth weight more than non-toxic water emissions do. It is also found that heavy metal air emissions have the most harmful effects on the probability of low birth weight and are the only type (and medium) of chemical emissions found to increase the probability of very low birth weight. Chapter 4 examines Korean households' willingness to pay to avoid ambient PM10 (particulate matter 10 micrometers or less in diameter) air pollution using a hedonic approach. Here, the transaction records for all apartments sold during 2006-2016 in Korea are used. The OLS estimation, even when including apartment-complex fixed effects, yields statistically significant and positive point estimates of the effects of local ambient PM10 concentrations on apartment prices. This suggests that there must be bias coming from an omitted time-varying factor(s). An IV approach using Asian dust events as an instrumental variable for the annual average PM10 concentrations was also utilized. Although a naturally occurring Asian dust storm is likely to satisfy the exclusion restriction, it forms a weak instrument, and the weak-instrument robust Anderson-Rubin test cannot identify the parameter estimate of the effect of local ambient PM10 concentration on apartment prices. No conclusive evidence regarding Korean households' willingness to pay to avoid ambient PM10 air pollution can be found using these approaches.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Economics
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Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_9940
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 102 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Environmental policy -- Economic aspects -- Korea
RelatedItem (type = host)
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Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
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Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-jaxn-j439
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Lee
GivenName
Won Hyung
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
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2019-04-30 00:46:26
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Name
Won Hyung Lee
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-10-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2020-05-01
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 1st, 2020.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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2019-04-30T18:21:35
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