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Bed bug resistance to selected insecticides and effect of moisture on efficacy of selected insecticide dusts against the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius

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TitleInfo
Title
Bed bug resistance to selected insecticides and effect of moisture on efficacy of selected insecticide dusts against the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ranabhat
NamePart (type = given)
Sabita
NamePart (type = date)
1993-
DisplayForm
Sabita Ranabhat
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wang
NamePart (type = given)
Changlu
DisplayForm
Changlu Wang
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2020
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2020-01
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract (type = abstract)
Global resurgence of bed bugs, Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae), due to increasing global travel, trade and resistance to different types of insecticides, is a very important concern today as it causes socioeconomic burden, mental stress and public health concerns. Insecticide resistance is considered as one of the key factors for the worldwide resurgence of bed bugs. Two studies were done to identify the resistance levels of bed bugs collected from different locations in New Jersey and Indiana and to understand the effect of moisture on the efficacy of insecticides against bed bugs. In the first study, I evaluated the bed bug resistance to commonly used insecticides Phantom SC (chlorfenapyr), Suspend SC (deltamethrin) and Transport GHP (acetamiprid + bifenthrin) using a vial assay and Transport GHP (acetamiprid + bifenthrin), Temprid SC (imidacloprid + ╬▓-cyfluthrin), and Tandem (╬╗-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam) using a petri dish assay. Low to high levels of resistance were observed among the different strains of bed bugs. Resistance ratios of various strains based on LC50 were Transport GHP: 92-1,682, Temprid SC: 18-144, and Tandem: 179-1,226. In the second study, I evaluated the effect of moisture on the efficacy of Cimexa (92.1% amorphous silica gel), Alpine (0.25% dinotefuran, 95% diatomaceous earth) and Tempo (1% cyfluthrin) against bed bugs. Moisture was created by two methods: 1. applying steam to insecticide dust treated panels and 2. aging the insecticide treated panels in chambers with various relative humidity (RH). Results show that exposure to moisture significantly reduced the efficacy of all tested insecticide dusts. The efficacy of the three insecticides was Cimexa > Alpine > Tempo. These results show that moisture needs be considered when applying insecticide dusts for controlling bed bug infestations.
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Bedbugs -- Control
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Entomology
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_10459
PhysicalDescription
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xi, 76 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
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TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-wzn2-e532
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Ranabhat
GivenName
Sabita
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-12-17 01:13:34
AssociatedEntity
Name
Sabita Ranabhat
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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2020-01-07T12:48:17
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-01-07T12:48:17
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