Staff View
Conceptual and empirical obstacles in defining MS-13: law-enforcement perspectives

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Conceptual and empirical obstacles in defining MS-13: law-enforcement perspectives
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Barak
NamePart (type = given)
Maya P.
Affiliation
University of Michigan - Dearborn
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = orcid); (authorityURI = http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/identifiers/orcid.html); (type = personal); (valueURI = http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6754-6137)
NamePart (type = family)
León
NamePart (type = given)
Kenneth Sebastian
Affiliation
Latino & Hispanic Caribbean Studies, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Maguire
NamePart (type = given)
Edward
Affiliation
Arizona State University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Latino & Hispanic Caribbean Studies
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Arts and Sciences (SAS) (New Brunswick)
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Accepted manuscript
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2020
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Research Summary
Past and present gang scholarship is marked by debate as to the appropriate criteria for defining gangs and gang membership. Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, highlights some obstacles in conceptualizing gangs and operationalizing gang membership. Although MS-13 has generated attention in recent years, little systematic criminological research exists on the gang. Drawing on in-depth interviews and surveys of law-enforcement gang experts, we link longstanding issues of gang definition and measurement to MS-13 in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.

Policy Implications
Gang and immigration enforcement are inextricably linked in the case of MS-13. The ambiguous, contested, and varied means by which gangs are defined and labeled may result in the overpolicing and overcriminalization of young immigrants of color and youth of color in general. Beyond unsubstantiated police stops, arrests, convictions, and gang enhancements, such labeling practices may lead to collateral immigration consequences including deportation and permanent bars to reentry into the United States.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
1 online resource (59 pages)
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Gangs
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Policing
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Mara Salvatrucha
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2020
AssociatedObject
Name
Criminology & Public Policy
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Reference (type = url)
https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9133.12493
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
U.S. Department of Justice
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
National Institute of Justice
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
Award # 2013-R2-CX-0048
Subject
Name (authority = LCNAF)
NamePart (type = corporate)
MS-13 (Gang)
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Leon, Kenneth Sebastian
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30267700001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-aaaq-3r21
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (TYPE = [FS] statement #1); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers.Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work.I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others.I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work.By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (point = start); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-04-28
DateTime (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2022-04-28
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the publisher's request. It will be publicly available after April 28, 2022.
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
CreatingApplication
Version
1.3
ApplicationName
macOS Version 10.15.4 (Build 19E287) Quartz PDFContext
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-04-30T03:02:20
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-04-30T03:02:20
Back to the top
Version 8.3.13
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2020