Staff View
The overtures of a Muslim ally: diplomatic gifts from Persia to Italy (1453-1630)

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
The overtures of a Muslim ally: diplomatic gifts from Persia to Italy (1453-1630)
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rokhgar
NamePart (type = given)
Negar Sarah
NamePart (type = date)
1985-
DisplayForm
Negar Sarah Rokhgar
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Blake McHam
NamePart (type = given)
Sarah
DisplayForm
Sarah Blake McHam
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rico
NamePart (type = given)
Trinidad
DisplayForm
Trinidad Rico
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
co-chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Turker
NamePart (type = given)
Deniz
DisplayForm
Deniz Turker
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Assonitis
NamePart (type = given)
Alessio
DisplayForm
Alessio Assonitis
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Graduate Studies
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2020
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2020-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract (type = abstract)
By the mid-fifteenth century, the extensive territorial spread of Ottomans brought the Islamic world in close contact with Christian Europe. The majority of cross-cultural studies have focused on the multilayered interactions between the Ottomans and Europeans. My dissertation shifts attention to an anti-Ottoman league, first proposed by Calixtus III in 1456, and joined by Persia as a Muslim ally of Europe against the common enemy, the Ottoman Turks. The plea for an anti-Ottoman union with European powers by the Persian king in the late fifteenth century set the stage for continued alliances pursued through the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by the Safavid Shahs of Persia. These enduring connections between European Christian and Persian Muslim rulers resulted in complex reciprocal diplomatic exchanges fostered through the establishment of diplomatic embassies and the exchange of gifts. This dissertation is the first art historical investigation of the visual culture that was produced through early modern Persian-Italian diplomatic relations.

This study investigates the range of meanings of these diplomatic gifts by looking at them as agents in a broader politics of imperial self-fashioning. It distinguishes between two forms of visual and cultural exchange. The first encompasses a wide range of materials that functioned as the objects of diplomatic exchange. These included richly decorated luxury goods, such as inlaid bowls, carpets, silk brocades, and ornamental weaponry. The second includes painted representations, which were commissioned following important diplomatic missions and the formation of new alliances and treaties. Whereas gifts facilitated diplomatic negotiations, painted representations reveal much about the perception of cultural difference in early modern courts. By considering the gifts’ artistic style through comparisons with similar objects still extant or represented in Persian illuminated manuscripts, this study situates the objects in their Persian context and elucidate the inherent messages behind their selection. Conversely, by looking at the paintings by European artists commissioned to illustrate these Persian embassies in Italy or address Persian-Italian negotiations through visual references, it approaches the same diplomatic interactions through the lens of Italian authorities and assesses the message they received or intended to broadcast to their audience.

In looking at painted representations, this dissertation evaluates an underlying politics of how visual images may have served various agendas. In addition to expressing deep forms of knowledge about territorial and religious histories, they visually established hierarchies of cultural and political status within the growing alliance. For example, Shah Abbas’s gift of a silk brocade with an embroidered image of the Virgin Mary and Christ Child can be seen both as an appropriate gift for his Christian allies and as a display of Persian artistic and cultural prowess.

By turning attention specifically to the objects and representations associated with the Persian-Italian alliances, this dissertation adds new dimensions to the understanding of how objects functioned as modes of communication that were integral to solidifying new forms of international relationships. It concludes with the statement that the development of global commerce in the early modern world was an outgrowth of the earlier political alliances that were founded on previous forms of gift-exchange.
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_10898
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xxxviii, 453 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Diplomatic gifts -- Iran -- 15th century
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Diplomatic gifts -- Iran -- 16th century
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Art History
Subject (authority = local)
Geographic
Persia
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Italy
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-dtqf-g282
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Rokhgar
GivenName
Negar
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2020-04-30 12:19:51
AssociatedEntity
Name
Negar Rokhgar
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2020-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2022-05-31
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 31st, 2022.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
CreatingApplication
Version
1.5
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-04-30T11:59:05
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2020-04-30T11:59:05
ApplicationName
Microsoft® Word 2013
Back to the top
Version 8.4.8
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2023