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Examining the complex dynamics of open government: trends, determinants, and impacts

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TitleInfo
Title
Examining the complex dynamics of open government: trends, determinants, and impacts
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Tai
NamePart (type = given)
Kuang-Ting
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Kuang-Ting Tai
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author
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Porumbescu
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Gregory
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Gregory Porumbescu
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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NamePart (type = family)
Piotrowski
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Suzanne
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Suzanne Piotrowski
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Advisory Committee
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member
Name (type = personal)
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Van Ryzin
NamePart (type = given)
Gregg
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Gregg Van Ryzin
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Advisory Committee
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member
Name (type = personal)
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Mossberger
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Karen
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Karen Mossberger
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Advisory Committee
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member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
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school
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theses
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2021
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2021-10
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2021
Language
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English
Abstract (type = abstract)
Open government initiatives have been implemented at every level of government around the world in the last decade. These initiatives are fueled by a belief that open government will make governments more transparent, accountable, and collaborative. However, while open government initiatives continue to expand, basic questions remain regarding how this new wave of institutional reform actually impacts the quality of government. To address such ambiguity, this dissertation examines three interrelated research questions that are derived from the framework of the governance model and aim to address the different institutional, organizational, and individual effects of this reform: (1) At the institutional level, how do we conceptualize open government as a means of addressing social problems (e.g., lacking transparency or effectiveness)? (2) At the organizational level, what factors influence an organization’s efforts to implement open government initiatives? (3) At the individual level, can open government initiatives really empower individual users in ways that increase their confidence to participate in public affairs? This dissertation evaluates these questions in three essays which draw on distinct research methods and theoretical lenses, including contingency theory, diffusion of innovation theory, and social cognitive theory. Following the related requirements of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Study 1 consists of a systematic literature review to examine open government research trends and the conceptualization of open government at different levels of government. Study 2, focusing on open government implementation in the context of New Jersey school districts, uses a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to identify combinations of determinants that are consistently associated with school district website openness. Study 3 investigates the causal relationship between the core policy tool of open government initiatives—open government data—and individuals’ perceived self-efficacy to examine whether open government initiatives can really strengthen the perception of empowerment. This study includes two online survey experiments, respectively comprising 840 and 960 American adults.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Public administration
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Transparency in government
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Open government
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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http://dissertations.umi.com/gsn.newark.rutgers:10121
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application/pdf
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text/xml
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1 online resource (ix, 209 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
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Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10002600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-v0a0-2220
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
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Tai
GivenName
Kuang-Ting
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Permission or license
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2021-12-07T11:31:11
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Name
Kuang-Ting Tai
Role
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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2021-10-06T16:19:38
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2021-10-06T16:19:38
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