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Verbal abuse by parents who maltreat or are at-risk for maltreatment of children: predictors and interventions

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Title
Verbal abuse by parents who maltreat or are at-risk for maltreatment of children: predictors and interventions
Name (ID = NAME001); (type = personal)
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Lange
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Richard T.
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Richard T. Lange
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author
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Baer
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Judith
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Advisory Committee
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Judith Baer
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chair
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LaSala
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Michael
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Advisory Committee
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Michael LaSala
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internal member
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Simmel
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Cassandra
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Advisory Committee
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Cassandra Simmel
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internal member
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Herzog
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Elaine
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Advisory Committee
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Elaine Herzog
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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Text
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theses
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DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2008
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2008-01
Language
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English
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electronic
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
ix, 203 pages
Abstract
Excessive verbal abuse by parents is psychologically and emotionally damaging to children. Studies of the effects of verbal abuse on children have found that children exposed to parental verbal abuse develop internalized problems including anxiety, depression, delayed mental development, and general health problems; and externalized behaviors, mainly aggression. These behaviors continue into adulthood. Verbal abuse is an especially acute problem in the population of families at risk of losing their child(ren) because of maltreatment or neglect. Despite the fact that the best way to stop or prevent verbal abuse is to understand its causes, verbal abuse in these families is virtually unstudied; even in the general population, the number of studies is small. This thesis is one of the first studies of the predictors of verbal abuse in at-risk populations.
A secondary analysis of the LONGSCAN longitudinal baseline data (visits at ages 4, 6, and 8) was undertaken to measure the influence of the factors identified in studies of the general population on the likelihood of verbal abuse in a sample of low income, African American, White, and Hispanic mothers (N=862), mostly drawn from an at-risk population. The Conflicts Tactic Scale was used to categorize mothers as verbally abusive or not, and determine the frequency of verbal abuse. Logistic regression was used to measure the predictive value of the factors identified in studies of the general population. Changes in the rates of verbal abuse from visit 4 to visit 6 and from visit 6 to visit 8 were used to measure the efficacy of interventions.
The results indicate that the demographics of the verbally abusive population were indistinguishable from those of the non-abusive population. The predictors of verbal abuse identified from studies of the general population were found not to be good predictors of abuse in the at-risk group. Anger, manifested by throwing, grabbing, or pushing, however, was found to be highly correlated with verbal abuse. No interventions significantly reduced abuse.
Implications for practice and future research are discussed.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 195-202).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Social Work
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Abused children--Psychology
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Child abuse
Subject (ID = SUBJ4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Psychological child abuse
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
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http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17153
Identifier
ETD_747
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3K074N6
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
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Open
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Name
Richard Lange
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Non-exclusive ETD license
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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