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A functional, behavioral, and taphonomic analysis of ziphodont dentition

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Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
A functional, behavioral, and taphonomic analysis of ziphodont dentition
SubTitle
novel methodology for the evaluation of carnivorous dinosaur feeding paleoecology
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
TitleInfo (ID = T-2); (type = alternative)
Title
Novel methodology for the evaluation of carnivorous dinosaur feeding paleoecology
Identifier
ETD_1701
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051192
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Ecology and Evolution
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Dinosaurs
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Dental anthropology
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Paleoecology
Abstract
Research on the feeding dynamics of carnivorous dinosaurs, most of which fall within Theropoda, is based on cranial/limb structure and body dimensions. Significantly less research has been concerned with dental function. Ichnological and taphonomic evidence is also used to illustrate feeding ecology, but much is without authentication through modern experimental evidence. The major goal of this dissertation is to develop novel techniques to further understand dinosaur carnivory, focusing on the group's unique ziphodont dentition. Both functionally relevant theropod tooth morphometrics and experimentation with the Komodo monitor (Varanus komodoensis), a living dental analogue, are used for the first time to draw conclusions about tooth function, feeding behavior, and tooth mark production.
When defleshing, V. komodoensis moves its rostrum so that the teeth are drawn backward through flesh to section off pieces. Tooth marks reflect this unique behavior. The majority of marks are scores produced by dragging the tooth tips across bone surfaces. Half of the marks display curvature that reflects the movement of the rostrum in an arc, and marks are frequently parallel. There is no bone crushing. Published accounts of fossil theropod marks indicate similar tooth use, but a stronger bite with less lateral rostral movement. Tooth serration widths on ziphodont teeth reflect body size in both V. komodoensis and theropods allometrically. These serrations can drag along bone surfaces, producing striations. Under ideal circumstances V. komodoensis striated tooth marks can accurately reflect the size of the consumer's serrations, and consequently its body size. The body size of a theropod consumer may therefore be determined solely from fossilized striated marks. Variability in the extent of serrations in theropod teeth is linked to the extent of contact the tooth makes with flesh. The tooth region that does not contact unmodified flesh during feeding, defined as the dead-space, does not have serrations. Highly curved teeth have the fewest serrations resulting in the largest dead space. These data also indicate that theropods may have drawn their teeth back through flesh similarly to V. komodoensis, defleshing by 'puncture cutting'. All the techniques developed here may be applied to fossil assemblages to answer questions about ziphodont paleoecology.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
x, 222 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 205-221)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Domenic C. D'Amore
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
D'Amore
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Domenic C.
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1980
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author
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Domenic C. D'Amore
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Scott
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Kathleen
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Kathleen M Scott
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McGhee
NamePart (type = given)
George
Role
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co-chair
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Advisory Committee
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George R McGhee
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
John-Alder
NamePart (type = given)
Henry
Role
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Henry John-Alder
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Blumenschine
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Robert
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Robert J Blumenschine
Name (ID = NAME-6); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Dodson
NamePart (type = given)
Peter
Role
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Peter Dodson
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Location
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NjNbRU
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3CJ8DQF
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Open
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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