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Examination of particle/particle interactions and their impact on rheology and mixedness of an alumina/titania system

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Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Examination of particle/particle interactions and their impact on rheology and mixedness of an alumina/titania system
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_2125
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051778
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Materials Science and Engineering
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Ceramic materials--Additives
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Rheology
Abstract
In the manufacturing of ceramic particulate composites, improved manufacturing efficiency means two things, ease of production and increased performance. The effect of mixedness on the rheology of alumina-titania blends has been evaluated. Alumina and titania starting powders that have been examined ranged in particle size from nanoscale (50-200 nm) to micron scale (1-5 μm). Nano and micro-alumina powders have been combined individually with macro and micro-titania powders to determine how the nano/micro structure affects rheological properties and the mixedness of the final blended compositions. The effects of varying the mixing and processing techniques used to create the compositions; such as ball milling, wet mixing, high shear mixing, and varied mixing time, has been analyzed. The effect of varying surfactant additions (sodium stearate) on the mixedness and rheology of the alumina-titania blends has also been evaluated. The range of surfactant concentrations covers the measured adsorption limits of the particles in the blend, allowing sodium stearate to act not only as surfactant, but also as bulk lubricant.
Rheological evaluation of these blends included torque, dynamic stress, and capillary rheometry. Dynamic stress rheometry measures and compares the viscous modulus and the shear modulus of a blend, allowing determination of its dynamic yield stress. Capillary rheometry was used to evaluate the extrusion pressures of the alumina-titania batches, for analysis with a Benbow-Bridgewater model, yielding information on extrusion wall stresses and extrudate bulk strength. The mixedness was evaluated by SEM-EDS method, which created a compositional map of a cross-sectional area of extrudate for distributional evaluation by nearest neighbor and standard deviation calculations.
It was found that the use of nano-alumina and macro-titania increased processing requirements such as mixing energy and extrusion pressure, but produced extrudates with minimal flaws. Powder blends with macro-alumina and nano-titania were found to have desirable processing requirements with lower extrusion pressures and mixing energies, but produced extrudates with large flaws. Powder processing was found to have minimal impact on extrudate rheology but large impact on extrudate flaws. Powder blends with shorter processing times were found to have fewer flaws than those with longer mixing times or multiple extrusions.
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electronic resource
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xxii, 250 p. : ill.
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Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 244-249)
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by Cari R. August
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August
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Cari R.
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1980
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author
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Cari R. August
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Haber
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Richard
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Richard A Haber
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Niesz
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Dale
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Dale Niesz
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Lehman
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Richard
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Richard Lehman
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Jitianu
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Mihaela
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Mihaela Jitianu
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Oram
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Pascale
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Advisory Committee
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Pascale Oram
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Rutgers University
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-10
Place
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xx
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3125SVQ
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
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August
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Cari
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Cari August
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Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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