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Strategic organizational responses to environmental pressures

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Strategic organizational responses to environmental pressures
SubTitle
the case of three Palestinian non-governmental organizations
Identifier
ETD_2653
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10002600001.ETD.000052946
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
English
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Public Administration (SPAA)
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Non-governmental organizations--Palestine--Case studies
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation belongs to the organizational psychology literature. It explores a) How the environment affects and constrains the actions and characteristics of individual organizations and b) How and Why organizations respond to external constraints the way they do. The purpose of this study is to understand NGOs as strategic organizations that enact specific behaviors in response to pressures within their environment(s). The basic concepts and premises of the institutional theory provide useful guidelines for analyzing organization–environment relationships with an emphasis on the social rules, expectations, norms, and values as the sources of pressure on organizations. Resource dependence theory, on the other hand, proceeds from the indisputable open-systems proposition that organizations are not able to internally generate all the resources required to maintain themselves and therefore must enter into exchange transactions with elements in the environment to ensure a stable flow of resources. Coupling the two theories helps to examine the ways in which an individual organization reacts to different levels of uncertainties and multiple actions of other social structures in its environment. The researcher utilized Oliver‘s (1991) hypotheses and framework that link institutional factors and organizational strategic responses to guide the research data collection and analysis. One organizational domain is used to understand the intricate relationship between organizations and their institutionalized environment—the non-governmental organization sector in Palestine. The units of analysis are the individual Palestinian non-governmental organizations (PNGOs), which are analyzed using a qualitative method of case study. A series of interviews and focus group discussion were conducted. The dissertation concludes that while PNGOs are vulnerable to varying degrees to external control given their dependence on external donors for financial resources, the uncertainty created by their dependence, and the political instability that constrains their development, they are not purely passive recipients nor complete political manipulators of institutional pressures, as the extremes of institutional and resource dependence theories postulate. Organizations have at their disposal a wide range of active choice behaviors that vary from passivity to positivity. An organization‘s choices are predictable largely in terms of their political power and the nature of the institutional pressures enacted on them.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
xii, 223 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note
Includes abstract
Note
Vita
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Fidaa Shehada
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Shehada
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Fidaa
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1969-
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Fidaa Shehada
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Farmbry
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Kyle
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chair
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Kyle Farmbry
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Riccucci
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Norma
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internal member
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Norma Riccucci
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Holzer
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Marc
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Marc Holzer
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Hull
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Elizabeth
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Elizabeth Hull
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2010
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3Z60P5C
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Shehada
GivenName
Fidaa
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
DateTime
2010-04-19 04:45:10
AssociatedEntity (ID = AE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
Fidaa Shehada
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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ETD
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application/pdf
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application/x-tar
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998140
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