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Climate change and its ecological and socioeconomic impact

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Climate change and its ecological and socioeconomic impact
SubTitle
evidence from China's historical document for Qing dynasty
Identifier
ETD_2561
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000053286
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Ecology and Evolution
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Climatic changes--China--History--Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
China--History--Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Abstract (type = abstract)
Climate change is currently of great concern by scientist and public. However, the ecological and socio-economic effects of long-term climate change remains largely unknown. To study on the long-term climate change, and its impacts on the environmental conditions, ecological and socio-economic consequences, the long time series of climate related events from historical records are needed to fill the gap of the instrumental data. In this study, a unique data source -- "The compendium of Chinese Meteorological records of the Last 3,000 years (Zhang 2004) which contains invaluable information about climate related events recorded in the China's historical documents were digitized for the last Dynasty. Pearson correlation test was conducted to test the relationship between crop harvest and climate events in case study one. The results revealed that climate conditions affected past agriculture harvest in China. Besides direct effect of cooling on the land carrying capacity, periodic ecological stresses such as drought events can significantly reduce the agricultural yield. The issue of stationarity of variables is the great concern in this study. Local variations both in temporal and spatial scale analysis were considered in the following case studies. Second case study applied continuous wavelet analysis for analyzing the local variation in temporal scale. The result revealed that the periodicity of fluctuations of locusts, temperature and drought series are consistently at around 100 year's band. The consistent associations between locust and temperature, temperature and drought, locust and drought at same frequency and time space indicted the possible casual interlinks of temperature-drought-locust plague. The finding suggests that drought events driven by long term variation of temperature change explains locust dynamics better than floods. The last case study used Geographically Weighted Regression methods for analyzing spatially varying relationships between determinate variable--famine and explanatory variables such as floods, droughts, poor harvest and locust outbreaks. The results implicated that all variables have significant effects on famine occurrence in last Dynasty of China. Among the explanatory variables, drought shows strongest effect on famine. The results also suggested that there are significant spatial variations across the study area. Therefore, it's important to consider the local regression methods for analyzing the relationships between famine and other climate conditions.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xii, 151 p. : ill.
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note
Includes abstract
Note
Vita
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Yufei Wang
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wang
NamePart (type = given)
Yufei
NamePart (type = date)
1974-
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
DisplayForm
Yufei Wang
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Xu
NamePart (type = given)
Ming
Role
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chair
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Ming Xu
Name (ID = NAME-3); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Morin
NamePart (type = given)
Peter
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Peter Morin
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lathrop
NamePart (type = given)
Richard
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Richard Lathrop
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kolassa
NamePart (type = given)
John
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
John Kolassa
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2010
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3KP8278
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Wang
GivenName
Yufei
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
DateTime
2010-04-08 23:04:43
AssociatedEntity (ID = AE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
Yufei Wang
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent (ID = RE-2); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Embargo
DateTime
2010-05-31
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 30th, 2012.
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Technical

ContentModel
ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
MimeType (TYPE = container)
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
5550080
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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