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Fire in the pines

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TitleInfo
Title
Fire in the pines
SubTitle
a landscape perspective of human-induced ecological change in the pinelands of New Jersey
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
La Puma
NamePart (type = given)
Inga Parker
NamePart (type = date)
1973-
DisplayForm
Inga La Puma
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lathrop
NamePart (type = given)
Richard G.
DisplayForm
Richard G. Lathrop
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Dighton
NamePart (type = given)
John
DisplayForm
John Dighton
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Xu
NamePart (type = given)
Ming
DisplayForm
Ming Xu
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cadenasso
NamePart (type = given)
Mary
DisplayForm
Mary Cadenasso
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2012
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2012-01
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Effects of urban land-uses have long term implications for the structure and function of natural ecosystems that may extend far beyond the land-use itself. Specifically, natural disturbance and succession in forest ecosystems have been highly altered by human-caused land-use and fire frequency changes. Changes to forest community structure and composition can affect the long-term sustainability of areas such as the New Jersey Pinelands, a fire-dependent ecosystem. By combining historic maps of fire frequency and land-use change, I assessed the effects of human development patterns on fire and forest composition in the Pinelands. These assessments showed lower fire frequency and higher transitions from pine to oak forest cover in close geographic proximity to altered land. Additionally, I investigated our ability to detect the effects of fire on water quality measures using data from gauged watersheds. No significant effects of fire could be determined due to a lack of water quality data associated with wildfires in space and time. I used a spatially-explicit forest disturbance and succession model to investigate how increasing levels of altered land and changing fire regimes may affect forest composition in the future. Additionally, I added climate change to disturbance and succession modeling to incorporate this additional forcing on fire and forest composition. These scenarios showed an overwhelming trend toward oak dominated forest within 100 years, except in the unique pine plains area, where pine species still dominated. The potential of this type of dramatic shift from pine to oak cover represents a radical departure from current forest composition and needs to be addressed by managers of the Pinelands National Reserve in order to maintain the essential Pinelands landscape. Modeling the potential influences of current and future altered land as well as changes in fire regimes in our study area elucidates the degree to which fire and climate disturbances may alter forest composition.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Ecology and Evolution
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_3750
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xvi, 182 p. : ill., maps
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Inga Parker La Puma
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Pine Barrens (N.J.)--Environmental conditions
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Human beings--Effect of environment on--New Jersey--Pine Barrens
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Fire ecology--New Jersey--Pine Barrens
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000064139
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3KD1WZ6
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
La Puma
GivenName
Inga
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2011-12-22 16:34:36
AssociatedEntity
Name
Inga La Puma
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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application/x-tar
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