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Human trafficking

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TitleInfo
Title
Human trafficking
SubTitle
a comparative analysis of why countries with similar characteristics have different situations
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sverdlick
NamePart (type = given)
Ana R.
NamePart (type = date)
1969-
DisplayForm
Ana Sverdlick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Finckenauer
NamePart (type = given)
James
DisplayForm
James Finckenauer
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Samuels
NamePart (type = given)
Norman
DisplayForm
Norman Samuels
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Chin
NamePart (type = given)
Ko-lin
DisplayForm
Ko-lin Chin
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zhang
NamePart (type = given)
Sheldon
DisplayForm
Sheldon Zhang
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-01
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Numerous factors which promote human trafficking have been examined by many scholars, yet little attention has been placed on the role of adolescent single mothers as a significant factor that increases the vulnerability of these young women to trafficking. This study aims to understand and explain why two countries with similar characteristics in geography, political and socio-economic systems present a very different picture in their sex trafficking patterns and challenges. This is a case study that compares Argentina and Brazil along a variety of indicators relevant to human trafficking. Although similar with respect to several characteristics analyzed in their incidence of sex trafficking, Argentina and Brazil do differ in one major factor that on its face could account for the differences in their sex trafficking practices --birth rate among adolescent girls aged 15 to 19. This rate is higher in Brazil than that in Argentina. This study seeks to answer the following questions: 1. - Does this difference account for the difference in sex trafficking practices and if so, how? 2. - Is this difference explained by something else (e.g. other than birth rate)? 3. - What other factors might contribute to the difference in sex trafficking practices? Two main sources of information were used in this comparative analysis: (1) data collected from reports, databases from intergovernmental organizations, governmental agencies, NGOs, and academic literature; and (2) court sentences from both countries, to both flesh out the factors identified, and more importantly, to support or refute the assumption with respect to the role of adolescent birth rates. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses were employed. This study reveals four main differences between Argentina and Brazil that collectively, indeed, shed light on their sex trafficking differences: 1) methods of recruitment, 2) “modus operandi” and government complicity, 3) gender inequality and 4) the incidence of teen single motherhood as a vulnerability factor to trafficking. Findings in this study suggest that matrifocality, the woman-centered family, is a key component in understanding how and why Brazilian adolescent single mothers are an easy target for traffickers.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Global Affairs
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5247
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xiii, 224 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Ana R. Sverdlick
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Human trafficking--Argentina
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Human trafficking--Brazil
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Teenage girls--Crimes against--Argentina
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Teenage girls--Crimes against--Brazil
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Single mothers--Argentina
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Single mothers--Brazil
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T36D5R20
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Sverdlick
GivenName
Ana
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2013-12-26 00:38:27
AssociatedEntity
Name
Ana Sverdlick
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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