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Investigating impact of work zones on crash frequency, severity and traffic

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TitleInfo
Title
Investigating impact of work zones on crash frequency, severity and traffic
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ozturk
NamePart (type = given)
Ozgur
NamePart (type = date)
1981-
DisplayForm
Ozgur Ozturk
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
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Ozbay
NamePart (type = given)
Kaan
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Kaan Ozbay
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Advisory Committee
Role
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chair
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NamePart (type = family)
Nassif
NamePart (type = given)
Hani
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Hani Nassif
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Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gonzales
NamePart (type = given)
Eric
DisplayForm
Eric Gonzales
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ozmen-Ertekin
NamePart (type = given)
Dilruba
DisplayForm
Dilruba Ozmen-Ertekin
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Work zone presence is an important concern for drivers in terms of safety and congestion. In recent years, work zone safety has received much attention due to numerous highway renovation projects that have resulted in many work zone crashes. To minimize the effect of work zones on roadway safety risks and traffic conditions, potential factors need to be addressed and countermeasures need to be implemented to ensure that the motorist can drive in a safe manner. The impact of the work zones can be estimated by using descriptive analysis and different statistical modeling methods. To this end, this study focused on three major areas: the crash frequency at work zones, the crash severity at work zones and the change in traffic conditions at work zones. Statistically robust models were developed by incorporating integrated datasets that could identify significant factors affecting each of these study areas. To better understand this, different from the previous studies, model results were compared against reference conditions, such as work zone crash frequency and modeling parameters were compared with non-work zone parameters. In addition, different statistical modeling techniques were applied to examine the best model or set of variables to connect crash severity and possible causative factors for binary level and multiple level outcomes. Two crash severity indexes were proposed and used to estimate multilevel crash severity by using both maximum severity and the monetary cost weighted severity. Besides safety issues, different types of lane closures and crashes observed within lane closures were studied to examine if there would be a change in traffic conditions compared with normal time traffic. Comparisons of each concept provides an idea for agencies about the differences of work zone and non-work zone conditions which is important if indeed there is a specific impact for the work zone cases. Work zone presence was found to have an increasing effect on crash occurrence. Nighttime shifts were found to be safer when compared to daytime work zone periods. Injury crashes for two-lane closure cases were found to have a more marked impact on traffic volume compared with other cases studied in this dissertation. In the conclusions chapter, all of these findings are summarized along with specific recommendations.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Civil and Environmental Engineering
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5560
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xvii, 231 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Ozgur Ozturk
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Road work zones--Safety measures
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Traffic accidents--Research
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Traffic safety
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T30V8B37
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Ozturk
GivenName
Ozgur
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-04-21 14:58:31
AssociatedEntity
Name
Ozgur Ozturk
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2016-05-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 30th, 2016.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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ETD
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windows xp
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