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Dietary intake patterns and Mediterranean diet adherence among Turkish adults

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TitleInfo
Title
Dietary intake patterns and Mediterranean diet adherence among Turkish adults
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Spalding
NamePart (type = given)
Barbara M.
DisplayForm
Barbara Spalding
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fitzgerald
NamePart (type = given)
Nurgul
DisplayForm
Nurgul Fitzgerald
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Bandera
NamePart (type = given)
Elisa V
DisplayForm
Elisa V Bandera
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hoffman
NamePart (type = given)
Daniel
DisplayForm
Daniel Hoffman
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Much has been written about the Mediterranean Diet (MD), its beneficial health effects, and its many variations. Turkey, located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, has been described as having a MD, however there has been little to no previous research about its MD pattern. This study examined dietary intake patterns, Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence and how MD adherence varied by city location in a geographically diverse sample of adults (aged 19 and older, n=3,001) living in urban centers in Turkey. The study was conducted as a secondary analysis of cross-sectional, nationally representative data collected in 2001-2002. Dietary intake was assessed by a 60 item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The MedDietScore and the Mediterranean-Style Dietary Pattern Score (MSDPS) were used to evaluate MD adherence. Variations in MD indices were examined using correlation, independent sample t-tests, ANOVA, ANCOVA and logistic regression. The dietary intake pattern was examined using factor analysis. The Turkish adults in this study followed a unique dietary pattern which included some characteristics of the MD but also had differences from the MD pattern. The Turkish dietary pattern identified in this study primarily consisted of bread, fruits and vegetables, yogurt and yogurt-based foods, some red meat, and black tea. Participants reported low consumption of whole grains, legumes, potatoes, olive oil, wine and fish. Factor analysis identified five dietary patterns including Turkish western (ice cream, red meat, desserts, sweetened beverages, nuts and seeds) and Turkish (yogurt, fruits, vegetables; bulgur and red meats – secondary loading). The MD indices varied by city after adjusting for age, gender, education, energy intake, and body mass index. Both MD indices had significant and positive correlations with education levels which is consistent with previous research from other countries. This study makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the Turkish dietary intake patterns and provides evidence that the Turkish dietary pattern is unique. Future research should further examine associations between the Turkish dietary intake patterns and factors such as individual and area level socioeconomic status, urban versus rural differences, and local food environment as well as related health outcomes.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Nutritional Sciences
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5474
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xii, 115 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Barbara M. Spalding
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Turks--Food
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Diet--Turkey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Diet therapy--Turkey
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3R78CJ3
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Spalding
GivenName
Barbara
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-04-13 14:20:09
AssociatedEntity
Name
Barbara Spalding
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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