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Competence & performance in belief-desire reasoning

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TitleInfo
Title
Competence & performance in belief-desire reasoning
SubTitle
properties of spontaneous theory of mind
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wang
NamePart (type = given)
Lu
NamePart (type = date)
1986-
DisplayForm
Lu Wang
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Leslie
NamePart (type = given)
Alan M
DisplayForm
Alan M Leslie
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gelman
NamePart (type = given)
Rochel
DisplayForm
Rochel Gelman
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gallistel
NamePart (type = given)
Charles Randy
DisplayForm
Charles Randy Gallistel
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Baillargeon
NamePart (type = given)
Renee
DisplayForm
Renee Baillargeon
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf)
2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Navigating the social environment requires us to understand and predict people’s actions. This ability, known as theory of mind, develops early in children. Typically, children’s theory of mind ability is assessed using the standard false-belief task in which children are asked to predict a character’s action given his/her outdated belief. A new wave of research measuring participants spontaneous reactions, such as looking time and anticipatory eye gaze, have revealed an early understanding of false belief, even in infants. This dissertation reports a series of studies that investigate the nature of early theory of mind ability and how this relates to the later developed ability in preschoolers and adults. The first two studies in chapter 2 suggest that children and adults are able to reason about false belief spontaneously, as measured by their anticipatory looking; but their anticipation is subject to the same processing demands observed in children’s performance in verbal false belief tasks, namely, a tendency to attribute to others a true belief derived from one’s own knowledge whenever that information is available. Two studies in chapter 3 report evidence that three- and four-year-old children can represent two distinct false beliefs and bind each belief to the correct agent when prompted explicitly in a verbal task, and two-year-olds can do the same spontaneously in a non-verbal task measuring anticipatory eye gaze. Early working memory therefore has the capacity to bind at least two distinct mental states to each of two agents. Finally, a study in chapter 4 reports that children around 39 months can predict a person’s behavior based on an understanding of the person’s second-order false belief in a task measuring children’s preferential looking time. Together, these studies suggest that the early understanding of mind cannot be reduced to perceptual or behavioral primitives, but instead reflect the developmental basis of genuine theory of mind.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5814
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vii, 119 p.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Desire (Philosophy)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Intentionality (Philosophy)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Philosophy of mind
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Lu Wang
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3G162FQ
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Wang
GivenName
Lu
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-09-05 16:15:41
AssociatedEntity
Name
Lu Wang
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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