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Stratified coastal ocean interactions with hurricanes and the sea breeze in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic

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TitleInfo
Title
Stratified coastal ocean interactions with hurricanes and the sea breeze in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Seroka
NamePart (type = given)
Gregory
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1986-
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Gregory Seroka
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author
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Glenn
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Scott M
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Scott M Glenn
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Kohut
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Josh T
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Josh T Kohut
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Wilkin
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John L
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John L Wilkin
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Dunk
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Richard
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Richard Dunk
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Advisory Committee
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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theses
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2016
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2016-10
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2016
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation uses the integration of modeling with observations and new analysis techniques to better understand and predict how the stratified coastal ocean interacts with important summer weather processes—tropical cyclones (TCs), which incur large coastal and inland damages, and the sea breeze circulation, which occurs nearly daily in the summer during high electricity demand periods. TC intensity prediction skill lags TC track prediction skill, and the shallow, coastal ocean remains a gap in TC research. The offshore component of the sea breeze is under-observed and poorly understood relative to its onshore component, and has important wind resource implications for the burgeoning U.S. offshore wind energy industry. Using atmospheric modeling and coastal ocean observations with underwater gliders and buoys, it is shown in Hurricane Irene (2011) that stratified coastal ocean cooling—found to occur primarily ahead of the storm’s eye center offshore the U.S. MidAtlantic—was the key missing contribution in modeling Irene’s rapid decay just prior to NJ landfall. Irene’s intensity was more sensitive to this cooling than any other model parameter tested, and including this cooling in modeling mitigated the high bias in storm intensity predictions. Using ocean modeling, the spatiotemporal variability in the stratified coastal ocean cooling processes observed in Irene and Tropical Storm Barry (2007) was investigated. It was found that the dominant force balance across the entire Mid-Atlantic shelf ahead of storm eye passage for both storms was onshore wind stress balanced by offshore pressure gradient. This resulted in onshore surface currents opposing offshore bottom currents ahead-of-eye-center and enhancing surface to bottom current shear and surface cooling. Turbulent mixing cooled the surface layer while tides dominated the alternating warming/cooling advection signal. Finally, a new analysis technique, i.e. Lagrangian coherent structures, performed on atmospheric modeling was used to delineate the onshore surface convergent and offshore surface divergent sea breeze extents. It was found that atmospheric synoptic flow impacted the sea breeze onshore extent more than offshore extent, and that coastal upwelling did not impact sea breeze extent but rather caused an earlier onset and a shallower and more intense sea breeze both onshore and offshore.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Oceanography
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
Identifier
ETD_7552
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
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application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xiii, 155 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Hurricanes--Atlantic Coast (U.S.)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Greg Seroka
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3KP84G7
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Seroka
GivenName
Gregory
Role
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RightsEvent
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Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2016-10-03 03:01:46
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Gregory Seroka
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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