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The Great Recession, government performance, and citizen trust

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TitleInfo
Title
The Great Recession, government performance, and citizen trust
Name (type = personal)
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Lee
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Yunsoo
NamePart (type = date)
1982-
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Yunsoo Lee
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author
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Van Ryzin
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Gregg G
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Gregg G Van Ryzin
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Suzanne
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Piotrowski J
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Piotrowski J Suzanne
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
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Shon
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Jongmin
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Jongmin Shon
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Van de Walle
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Steven
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Steven Van de Walle
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Advisory Committee
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - Newark
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school
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Text
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theses
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2017
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2017-01
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2017
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Performance theory holds that better government performance leads to citizen trust. Nonetheless, the nature of the relationship between performance and trust continues to elude researchers because of the possibility of reverse causality. To strengthen the validity of causal inference, researchers need to look for naturally occurring changes in factors that affect performance and in turn trust in government. The Great Recession that began around 2008 provides an opportunity to better demonstrate a causal relationship between government performance and citizen trust because it represents an exogenous shock to both the macro- and micro- performance of government, particularly in several southern European countries most profoundly affected by the crisis. Therefore, the purpose of this dissertation is to probe the causal relationship between government performance and citizen trust in Europe in the context of the Great Recession. This dissertation uses a mixed method approach that involves both in-depth case studies and analyses of large survey data. Comparative case studies of eight European countries are based on reviewing literature and conducting semi-structured interviews with 16 public administration experts. In addition to the case studies, this dissertation tests the hypothesis by comparing citizen trust in government in Spain with that of Germany and the Netherlands before and after the Great Recession, using the World Values Survey. Furthermore, it compares before-after trends in citizen trust in government in Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, with that of Belgium, France, Germany, and the Netherlands using the European Social Survey. The findings of the case studies provide evidence that government performance in the southern European countries was diminished to a large extent as a result of the Great Recession. The difference-in-differences regression results from both data sets show that the Great Recession negatively affected citizen trust in government, corroborating performance theory. The largest decline of trust was observed for central government among various government institutions examined. Furthermore, this dissertation finds that the Great Recession erodes trust of low-income citizens more than high-income citizens. Drawing on these case studies and survey results, implications for performance theory and public management practice are discussed.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Public Administration (SPAA)
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Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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ETD_7817
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (ix, 168 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Global Financial Crisis, 2008-2009
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Public opinion
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Yunsoo Lee
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10002600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3RJ4MW2
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
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Lee
GivenName
Yunsoo
Role
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Type
Permission or license
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2017-01-03 13:19:09
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Yunsoo Lee
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Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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