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Limited responses of benthic marine communities to local temperature changes

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TitleInfo
Title
Limited responses of benthic marine communities to local temperature changes
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Flanagan
NamePart (type = given)
Patrick Hilton
NamePart (type = date)
1984-
DisplayForm
Patrick Hilton Flanagan
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Pinsky
NamePart (type = given)
Malin L
DisplayForm
Malin L Pinsky
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jensen
NamePart (type = given)
Olaf P
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Olaf P Jensen
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Advisory Committee
Role
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Smouse
NamePart (type = given)
Peter E
DisplayForm
Peter E Smouse
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2017
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2017-01
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
As global climate change and variability drive changes in regional and local temperatures, species’ distributions are shifting, leading to changes in ecological communities. One approach to the problem of anticipating community change has been to characterize communities by a collective thermal preference, or community temperature index (CTI), and then to compare changes in CTI with changes in temperature. However, this method has been tested in only a few ecosystems, and it carries untested assumptions about the responsiveness of communities to changes in their local thermal environments. We used CTI to analyze changes in benthic marine communities along the continental shelf of the Northeast United States. We found that, while community composition was associated with bottom temperature, communities responded much more strongly to interannual variation than to long-term trends in temperature, and a mixed-effects model found that for every 1 oC increase in bottom temperature, CTI increased by 0.38 oC. We also showed that nonlinear species’ responses to temperature scale up to nonlinear community responses to temperature change. Future research into community change with increasing global temperatures should take into account these nonlinear responses, as well as examine the relative importance of interannual fluctuations and decadal trends.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Oceanography
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Climatic changes
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_7868
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (iv, 42 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Patrick Hilton Flanagan
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3JM2D3B
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Flanagan
GivenName
Patrick
MiddleName
Hilton
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-01-13 12:09:49
AssociatedEntity
Name
Patrick Flanagan
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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2017-01-13T17:04:41
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2017-01-13T17:04:41
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