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The unintended consequences of direct democracy in California

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TitleInfo
Title
The unintended consequences of direct democracy in California
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Bovee
NamePart (type = given)
John
NamePart (type = date)
1957-
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John Bovee
Role
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author
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Charme
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Stuart
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Stuart Charme
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Saltzman
NamePart (type = given)
Cynthia
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Cynthia Saltzman
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Advisory Committee
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co-chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Camden Graduate School
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
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Text
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theses
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2017
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2017-05
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2017
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
In an attempt to curb the influence that special interests held over the state of California, especially that of the Southern Pacific Railroad, Governor Hiram Johnson convinced the voters in 1911 to enact direct democracy via the initiative, recall and referendum. The initiative gave California voters a way to bypass the Governor and State Legislature and propose laws and constitutional amendments directly to their fellow citizens via the ballot box. In the ensuing 104 years, nearly 2,000 initiatives would be circulated for qualification, but only 132 of those would successfully be passed by voters after making it onto the ballot. This study examines four of these successful direct democracy initiatives: 1966’s Proposition 1-A, that created a full-time legislature; 1978’s Proposition 13, which slashed property taxes; 1990’s Proposition 140, that enacted term limits; and Proposition 34 in 2000, which imposed campaign contribution limits on those seeking state office. In the case of each of these four initiatives, voters were promised by the advocates that if enacted, each would help curb the power of the special interests in California. But instead, this study will show that the combined effect of the four initiatives would unintentionally, but dramatically, shift the balance of power in state government away from the people and toward the large special interests that they were ironically designed to curb.
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Topic
Liberal Studies
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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ETD_8177
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (iv, 62 p.)
Note (type = degree)
M.A.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Direct democracy--California
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
California--Politics and government
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by John Bovee
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Camden Graduate School Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10005600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3HD7ZDH
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Bovee
GivenName
John
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-05-02 13:42:28
AssociatedEntity
Name
John Bovee
Role
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Camden Graduate School
AssociatedObject
Type
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2019-05-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 31st, 2019.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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2017-05-03T12:05:54
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2017-05-03T12:05:54
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