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Exploring the importance of social networks in addressing issues of HIV and AIDS in African immigrant communities

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TitleInfo
Title
Exploring the importance of social networks in addressing issues of HIV and AIDS in African immigrant communities
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ayorinde
NamePart (type = given)
Aramide
NamePart (type = date)
1981-
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Aramide Ayorinde
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author
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Chase
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Sabrina
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Sabrina Chase
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Pacquiao
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Dula
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Dula Pacquiao
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Backstrand
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Jeffrey
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Jeffrey Backstrand
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Zha
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Peijia
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Peijia Zha
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - Newark
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school
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theses
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2017
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2017-05
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2017
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Problem: The study examined the role of social networks in influencing access and utilization of healthcare services, and health outcomes in HIV positive immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa. Study hypotheses were: 1) Social networks of SSA immigrants are comprised of higher numbers of strong ties than weak ties; 2) Social networks comprised of weak ties facilitate greater access and utilization of healthcare services, and 3) Higher levels of social integration facilitate positive HIV/AIDS related health outcomes. Qualitative questions examined the types of activities participants engage in with their social networks, types of support systems their networks positive, influence of these activities and support systems on their access to care and health outcomes, and factors promoting engagement of participants in their care. Methodology: Berkman’s social network paradigm guided the mixed method study using a snowball sample of 97 HIV positive SSA immigrants residing in Philadelphia. Participants completed a survey consisting of a demographic questionnaire and two instruments (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2010) and Myer’s Social Network Scale). The qualitative sample comprised of 13 participants who completed the quantitative surveys and were interviewed individually. Results: Triangulation of findings from both quantitative and qualitative methods revealed that participants’ social networks comprised mostly of strong ties with kin and co-ethnics. Type of network ties and number of connected relationships were significant in accessing and utilizing healthcare services, as well as influencing HIV related health outcomes. Number of strong ties was significantly and positively correlated with CD4 levels. Weak ties were influential in maintaining engagement of participants in their care, access and utilization of healthcare services and understanding their illness. Conclusion: Social networks structures, including size, density, composition, and function contribute to positive health outcomes. Although participants’ social networks were predominantly comprised of strong ties, both strong and weak ties offered distinct and complementary support with profound influence on both the physical and psychosocial well-being of HIV positive African Sub-Saharan immigrants.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Urban Systems
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
AIDS (Disease)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Africans--United States
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Social networks
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_7914
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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Note
Supplementary File: Permission
Extent
1 online resource (x, 159 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Aramide Ayorinde
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10002600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3057JV9
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Ayorinde
GivenName
Aramide
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2017-03-31 09:40:02
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Name
Aramide Ayorinde
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
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License
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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