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Oligarchic state capture

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TitleInfo
Title
Oligarchic state capture
SubTitle
wealthy elites and state autonomy in communist and postcommunist countries
Name (type = personal)
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Marandici
NamePart (type = given)
Ion
NamePart (type = date)
1980-
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Ion Marandici
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author
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Kubik
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Jan
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Jan Kubik
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Kaufman
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Robert
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Robert Kaufman
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Kelemen
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Roger Daniel
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Roger Daniel Kelemen
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Schimpfössl
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Elisabeth
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Elisabeth Schimpfössl
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Advisory Committee
Role
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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School of Graduate Studies
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school
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Text
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theses
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2017
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2017-10
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2017
Place
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xx
Language
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eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation investigates the problem of oligarchic state capture in postcommunism. It shifts the analytical emphasis from state capture previously conceptualized as a form of corruption to state capture defined as a form of temporary control established by members of the new wealthy elites (i.e. oligarchs) over the political institutions of the transitional state. In Chapter 1 (“What do we know about state autonomy during transitions to market?”), I review the existing literature on state autonomy and state capture. Drawing on the state-centered literature, in Chapter 2 (“The oligarchic intermezzo”), I construct a theoretical framework explaining the onset, unfolding, and end of oligarchic state capture. The framework centers on the concept of oligarchic intermezzo, a brief period of oligarchic dominance, describing a situation in which one or several of the wealthiest individuals in the country exercise control over the state. As such, the intermezzo represents an episode of state autonomy deficit in the evolving relations between the state and the postcommunist economic elites. In Chapter 3 (“Revisiting the nomenklatura capitalism hypothesis”), I rely on a novel dataset of approx. two hundred biographies of the wealthiest individuals in the post-Soviet region to test the nomenklatura capitalism hypothesis. In Chapter 4 (“Using crisp set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to identify the structural determinants of oligarchic state capture”), I detect the configurations of structural conditions leading to oligarchic state capture across post-communist countries. Two paths lead to the presence of the oligarchic intermezzo, while three distinct configurations result in its absence. Given the presence of both equifinality and causal asymmetry, I use the QCA results to select four cases suitable for an in-depth analysis of the causal mechanisms leading to oligarchic state capture. In Chapter 5 (“Oligarchs and state threats: from perfect information to signaling games”), I design and analyze three game structures – a perfect information game, an imperfect information game, and a signaling game. They reflect the dilemmas of weak states, when faced with powerful oligarchs. Thus, states endowed with varying degrees of strength (i.e. capacity) and oligarchs will interact differently depending on the cost of the credible threat incurred by the state and the subjective probability beliefs regarding state strength held by the oligarchs. In Chapter 6 (“Oligarchs in power: a structured, focused comparison of the Russian and Latvian intermezzos”), the influence of oligarchs on the state is investigated through a structured, focused comparison of the Russian (1996–1998) and Latvian (2006–2011) cases. In Chapter 7 (“Unpacking the oligarchic intermezzo in Moldova”), I investigate the theft of the century, the working of patronage networks during the oligarchic interlude, and the anti-oligarchic backlash. Chapter 8 (“Wealthy elites and the party-state in China: a permanent nexus?”) was published as a working paper by the Center for Chinese Studies (National Central Library, Taipei). In Chapter 8, I explore the connections between the party-state and the process of wealth accumulation in the People’s Republic of China. Specifically, I examine how the wealthiest Chinese work toward building Socialism with Chinese characteristics (中国特别社会主义) and a moderately well-off society (小康社会). In addition to that, I analyze survey data to detect whether and how party affiliation and income levels in the PRC are related. In the concluding section, I summarize the major findings, discuss several policy implications of the study, and reflect on the role of the oligarchs in the postcommunist region.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Political Science
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Political economy
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Economic elites
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Post-communism
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
China--Politics and government
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10001600001
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ETD_8385
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3WQ06ZF
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xiv, 414 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Ion Marandici
Location
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NjNbRU
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Name
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Marandici
GivenName
Ion
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RightsEvent
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Permission or license
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2017-09-22 14:45:59
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Ion Marandici
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Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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2019-10-21
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2023-10-31
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Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 31st, 2023.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
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Open
Reason
Permission or license
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