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Does exercise reduce anxiety sensitivity? A systematic review and meta-analysis

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TitleInfo
Title
Does exercise reduce anxiety sensitivity? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Margetich
NamePart (type = given)
Amber
NamePart (type = date)
1991-
DisplayForm
Amber Margetich
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Alderman
NamePart (type = given)
Brandon
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Brandon Alderman
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Schneider
NamePart (type = given)
Kenneth
DisplayForm
Kenneth Schneider
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
co-chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
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Text
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theses
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DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2019-08
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2019
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Abstract
Anxiety is a commonly diagnosed and experienced mental health disorder that places a large burden on public health and overall quality of life. Traditional treatment approaches for anxiety disorders include antidepressants and psychotherapy. Although these treatments are effective for some, they are not always beneficial. Due to its relative accessibility and minimal adverse side effects, physical activity and/or exercise may be an effective approach for the prevention and treatment of anxiety. The effects of exercise on anxiety have been reported to be moderate-to-large in magnitude, but the underlying mechanisms remain relatively unknown. Recently, investigators have examined anxiety sensitivity (AS), or an individual's fear of anxiety or arousal-related physical sensations, to advance understanding of the exercise and anxiety relationship. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to estimate the population effect size for the effects of exercise on anxiety sensitivity. A two-tiered approach was used to locate all available studies (n= 276) and included (n = 8) for the current review. The first approach involved a computerized search using Google Scholar, PubMed, PsychINFO, MEDLINE, and Web of Science. The second approach included a complete examination of all relevant journals (e.g., Health Psychology, Behavioral Medicine), as well as the reference lists of the published papers found in the initial search. Independent variables included exercise and/or physical activity and at least one of the outcome variables was a measure of AS. Hedges' g effect sizes were computed for each study and random effects models were used for all analyses. Across the eight studies, we found a mean ES of 0.52 for acute exercise effects on reducing ASI and a mean ES of 0.86 for studies using chronic exercise to reduce ASI symptoms. Overall, the effects of acute exercise were primarily consistent across different modes of exercise toward reducing ASI (range; 0.30-0.70). A larger range of mean ES was observed for studies utilizing chronic protocols (range; -0.20-2.50). The overall mean ES for all included studies was 0.70, indicating a large ES for exercise in reducing ASI. Future research evaluating the efficacy of exercise on AS may benefit from larger sample sizes and the utilization of interventions that control for exercise intensity, type, and duration.
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Exercise -- Psychological aspects
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
School Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Anxiety
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_9924
PhysicalDescription
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vii, 23 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Psy.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001800001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-01ry-mq56
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Margetich
GivenName
Amber
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2019-04-29 10:58:53
AssociatedEntity
Name
Amber Margetich
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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1.7
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2019-04-29T14:26:57
DateCreated (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2019-04-29T14:26:57
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