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Race, place, and aging with grace: the intersection of living arrangements and race in the study of older adult well-being

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TitleInfo
Title
Race, place, and aging with grace: the intersection of living arrangements and race in the study of older adult well-being
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Murphy
NamePart (type = given)
Lauren Frances
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1988-
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Lauren Frances Murphy
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author
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Carr
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Deborah
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Deborah Carr
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Krivo
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Lauren
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Lauren Krivo
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Phillips
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Julie
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Julie Phillips
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
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Mouzon
NamePart (type = given)
Dawne
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Dawne Mouzon
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Advisory Committee
Role
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
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Botticello
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Amanda
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Amanda Botticello
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Advisory Committee
Role
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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School of Graduate Studies
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school
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Text
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theses
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2019
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2019-10
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2019
Language
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English
Abstract (type = abstract)
Older adulthood is a period of the life course during which household living arrangements may become particularly salient for health and well-being. Changes such as the loss of a spouse, age-related health declines that require assistance from other people to manage, as well as the possibility that older adults may spend more time in their residential environments than younger cohorts, are all among the reasons why living arrangements may be linked to health outcomes for older adults. Research has found consistent patterns of associations between the living arrangements of older adults, such as whether one lives alone, with a spouse, or with others, and their physical and mental health. However, scant research has considered how these patterns are associated with health across different racial/ethnic groups. Race is a strong predictor of health outcomes in later life, and older Blacks and Whites vary in both patterns of and attitudes toward different living arrangements. Expanding existing knowledge of how living arrangements are linked to older adult health outcomes by stratifying by race can further explicate how and why the individuals with whom one lives can positively or negatively affect their well-being. Using data from Wave 2 of the Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS), I construct and test two kinds of relationships among living arrangements, race, and health for older Blacks and Whites. I evaluate whether differences in living arrangements can explain the well-documented race disparities in older adult physical health, including self-rated health and functional limitations, and find that living with someone other than one’s spouse or children partially accounts for the race disparity in functional limitations. I also consider that living arrangements may be evaluated differently by older Blacks and Whites due to structural and cultural factors, and test whether variation in the statistical and cultural normativity of living arrangements produces different subjective well-being (SWB) outcomes for older Blacks and Whites, including positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. I find that living with children has a positive association with positive affect for older Blacks. Finally, I consider that race intersects with other social statuses to produce health outcomes, and that experiences with living arrangements are significantly different by gender. I thus further explore how SWB is influenced by living arrangements differently for older Black and Whites by looking specifically at the experiences of women, as well as gender-specific psychosocial pathways that may account for these differences. I find that the benefits of living with children for positive affect persist when only women are considered, and that living with someone other than one’s spouse or children is associated with poorer life satisfaction among older Black women. Attention to the ways in which living arrangements are related to older adult health through race-specific contexts can help researchers, clinicians, and policy makers better address the needs of the growing and diversifying population of older adults in the United States.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Sociology
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Health and race
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Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD_10250
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application/pdf
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text/xml
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1 online resource (x, 265 pages) : illustrations
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
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School of Graduate Studies Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore10001600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/t3-a6cb-6v05
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Name
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Murphy
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Lauren
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RightsEvent
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Permission or license
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2019-09-16 01:33:46
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Name
Lauren Murphy
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. School of Graduate Studies
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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